Serena Filoni

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Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) represents the gold standard therapy for focal spasticity after stroke, with low prevalence of complications, reversibility, and efficacy in reducing spastic hypertonia. Current guidelines suggest the employment of a dosage up to 600 units (U) of BTX-A to treat spasticity after stroke, to avoid important adverse effects and(More)
Research is on-going to identify new methods of biostimulation to increase the effect of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in the treatment of spasticity. The Spasticity treated by Botulinum Toxin and ESWT (SBOTE) study is a prospective, randomized controlled trial assessing the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) given immediately after(More)
OBJECTIVES Aims of the study were to assess the effects of rifaximin treatment on small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) prevalence and gastrointestinal symptoms. STUDY DESIGN Fifty (50) irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) children were consecutively enrolled. All subjects underwent lactulose hydrogen/methane breath test (LBT) to assess SIBO before and(More)
BACKGROUND The Armeo Power, a rehabilitation exoskeleton that allows early treatment of motor disabilities, provides intelligent arm support in a large 3-dimensional work space, thus enabling patients to perform intensive, repetitive, and goal-oriented exercises. This device could efficiently induce new connections and facilitate plasticity phenomena(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Calprotectin is a protein especially expressed in neutrophil cytosol. In the last few years, Fecal calprotectin (FC) turned out to be a direct marker of gastrointestinal inflammation. Because of the simplicity of the method, it has been studied in several gastroenterologic diseases but no data are available about its concentration(More)
The effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been recognized in national and international guidelines and highlighted by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence as one of the six key priorities for improving the care of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. PR is likely to be effective in bronchiectasis as it is in COPD. We(More)
BACKGROUND In rehabilitation settings, motor imagery, motor observation and mirror therapy serve as techniques for the recovery of paretic upper limb in patients with movement disorders after stroke, whereas botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) offers the best treatment for focal spasticity. CASE REPORTS After haemorrhagic stroke, three patients (two men and(More)
PURPOSE Every year 300,000 children with accidental head trauma are admitted to Italian emergency departments. Our aims were: (1) to describe patients with minor traumatic brain injury who were admitted to pediatric departments and underwent CT, and (2) to analyze the appropriateness of management according to current guidelines. METHODS We(More)
PURPOSE The unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) is characterized by either a profound unawareness or an impairment of large-scale cortico/subcortical connectivity. Nevertheless, some individuals with UWS could show residual markers of consciousness and cognition. In this study, we applied an electrophysiological approach aimed to identify the residual(More)