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Preclinical studies indicate autophagy inhibition with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) can augment the efficacy of DNA-damaging therapy. The primary objective of this trial was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and efficacy of HCQ in combination with radiation therapy (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ) for newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GB). A 3 + 3 phase I(More)
PURPOSE A phase I, dose-finding study of vorinostat in combination with temozolomide (TMZ) was conducted to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, and pharmacokinetics in patients with high-grade glioma (HGG). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN This phase I, dose-finding, investigational study was conducted in two parts. Part 1 was a dose-escalation study(More)
PURPOSE Patients with high-grade gliomas (HGG) routinely receive radiation, temozolomide, and glucocorticoids. As each of these is immunosuppressive, we conducted a prospective, multicenter study to follow CD4 counts over time and determine whether low CD4 counts were associated with adverse outcomes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients with newly diagnosed HGG(More)
PURPOSE Recent data suggest that the glutamatergic system is important in the proliferation and migration of glioblastoma. Talampanel is a well-tolerated, oral alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor blocker that could be beneficial in this disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS This trial was designed to estimate overall survival(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine the safety and efficacy of polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid stabilized with poly-l-lysine and carboxymethylcellulose (poly-ICLC) when added to radiation and temozolomide (TMZ) in adults with newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GB). Patients received external beam radiation with concurrent TMZ (75 mg/m(2)/day) followed(More)
PURPOSE Novel agents are currently combined with radiation and temozolomide (RT + TMZ) in newly diagnosed glioblastoma using overall survival as the primary end point. Results of these phase II studies are typically compared with the phase III European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) survival data that resulted in RT + TMZ becoming(More)
The aim of our study was to determine if regain of body weight increases visceral fat in obese women and if regain of weight has a different effect upon pre- and postmenopausal women. Twenty obese women (11 pre- and 9 postmenopausal) underwent a very low energy diet (VLED) for 2 weeks to lose weight. They then regained body weight in spite of the(More)
Bortezomib selectively binds and inhibits the 20S proteasome enzyme's active sites. This study was conducted to determine the side effects and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of bortezomib in patients with recurrent malignant glioma. Separate dose escalations were conducted in patients taking or not taking enzyme-inducing anti-seizure drugs (+/-EIASD). The(More)
This placebo-controlled study assessed the efficacy and tolerability of polyethylene glycol-electrolyte lavage solution (PEG-ELS), with and without simethicone, in the preparation of patients with inflammatory bowel disease for colonoscopy. PEG-ELS 4 L plus placebo, or PEG-ELS 4 L plus simethicone 120 mg. was administered according to a randomized(More)
Oxidative stress plays a central role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). L-DOPA, the gold standard in PD therapy, may paradoxically contribute to the progression of the disease because of its pro-oxidant properties. The issue, however, is controversial. In this study, we evaluated peripheral markers of oxidative stress in normal subjects,(More)