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CONTEXT Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is the gold standard for the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules but has the limitation of inadequate sampling or indeterminate lesions. OBJECTIVE We aimed to verify whether search of thyroid cancer-associated protooncogene mutations in cytological samples may improve the diagnostic accuracy of FNAC. (More)
BACKGROUND We studied a boy with congenital hypothyroidism, benign hereditary chorea, and respiratory distress. His mother and his grandfather were affected by hypothyroidism with a late onset and benign hereditary chorea. The aim of this study was to establish the genetic defects that cause that phenotype and study the molecular mechanisms of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Hereditary (familial) nonautoimmune hyperthyroidism (FNAH) is caused by activating thyroid-stimulating hormone (thyrotropin) receptor (TSHR) germline mutations. We describe a family with recurrent thyrotoxicosis and goiter across three generations, including an 8-year-old girl. MAIN OUTCOME Sequences of the TSHR gene in the index patient, her(More)
AIM In 80-85% of cases, congenital hypothyroidism is associated with thyroid dysgenesis (TD), but only in a small percentage of cases mutations in thyroid transcription factors (NKX2.1, PAX8, FOXE1, and NKX2.5) have been associated with the disease. Several studies demonstrated that the activity of the transcription factors can be modulated by the(More)
INTRODUCTION Many studies have found an association between altered telomere length (TL), both attrition or elongation, and cancer phenotype. Recently, we have reported that patients with the familial form of papillary thyroid cancer (FPTC) have short telomeres in blood leucocytes. AIM To evaluate relative TL (RTL) at somatic level in neoplastic and(More)
INTRODUCTION Genomic instability has been proposed to play a role in cancer development and can occur through different mechanisms including telomere association and telomere loss. Studies carried out in our unit have demonstrated that familial papillary thyroid cancer (fPTC) patients display an imbalance, at the germinal level, in telomere-telomerase(More)
BACKGROUND The occurrence of familial papillary thyroid cancer (FPTC) is well established but no susceptibility genes for this disease have been discovered. Our group has recently demonstrated that patients with FPTC have shorter telomeres, not associated with mutations in telomerase reverse transcriptase, gene than patients with sporadic papillary thyroid(More)
Thyroid cancer may have a familial predisposition but a specific germline alteration responsible for the disease has not been discovered yet. We have shown that familial papillary thyroid cancer (FPTC) patients have an imbalance in telomere-telomerase complex with short telomeres and increased telomerase activity. A germline mutation (A339V) in thyroid(More)
INTRODUCTION In thyroid cells, binding of TSH to its receptor increases cAMP levels, sustaining thyrocytes growth and hormone production. The main cAMP effector enzyme is protein kinase A (PKA). Praja2 is a widely expressed RING (Really Interesting New Gene) ligase, which degrades the regulatory subunits of PKA, thus controlling the strength and duration of(More)
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