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Males of Drosophila melanogaster lacking the Y chromosome-linked crystal locus show multiple meiotic alterations including chromosome disorganization and prominent crystal formation in primary spermatocytes. These alterations are due to the derepression of the X chromosome-linked Stellate sequences. To understand how the derepression of the Stellate(More)
The availability of genomic clones representative of the T-cell receptor constant gamma (TRGC) ovine genes enabled us to demonstrate, by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) on cattle and sheep metaphases, the presence of two T-cell receptor gamma (TRG1@ and TRG2@) paralogous loci separated by at least five chromosomal bands on chromosome 4. Only TRG1@(More)
gammadelta T cells commonly account for 0.5%-5% of human (gammadelta low species) circulating T cells, whereas they are very common in chickens, and they may account for >70% of peripheral cells in ruminants (gammadelta high species). We have previously reported the ovine TRG2@ locus structure, the first complete physical map of any ruminant animal TCR(More)
In mammals, T cells develop along two discrete pathways characterized by expression of either the αβ or the γδT cell receptors. Human, mouse, and dog display a low peripheral blood γδ T cell percentage, while sheep accounts for a high proportion of γδ T lymphocytes. In all these species, the genomic organization of the T cell receptor gamma (TRG) locus is(More)
In vitro fertilization (IVF) has had poor success in the horse, a situation related to low rates of sperm penetration through the zona pellucida (ZP). Zona pellucida hardening (ZPH) is seen in mouse and rat oocytes cultured in serum-free medium. The hardened ZP is refractory to sperm penetration. Fetuin, a component of fetal calf serum, inhibits ZPH and(More)
In jawed vertebrates the V-(D)-J rearrangement is the main mechanism generating limitless variations of antigen-specific receptors, immunoglobulins (IGs), and T-cell receptors (TCRs) from few genes. Once the initial diversity is established in primary lymphoid organs, further diversification occurs in IGs by somatic hypermutation, a mechanism from which(More)
Molecular cloning of cDNA from gamma/delta T cells has shown that in sheep, the variable domain of the delta chain is chiefly determined by the expression of the TRDV1 subgroup, apparently composed of a large number of genes. There are three other TRDV subgroups, but these include only one gene each. To evaluate the extent and the complexity of the genomic(More)
A genomic region of 41,045 bp encompassing the 3'-end of the sheep T cell receptor beta chain was sequenced. Extensive molecular analysis has revealed that this region retains a unique structural feature for the presence of a third D-J-C cluster, never detected in any other mammalian species examined so far. A total of 3 TRBD, 18 TRBJ and 3 substantially(More)
Analyzing the recent high-quality genome sequence of the domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris), we deduced for the first time in a mammalian species belonging to Carnivora order, the genomic structure and the putative origin of the TRG locus. New variable (TRGV), joining (TRGJ) and constant (TRGC) genes for a total of 40 are organized into eight cassettes(More)
The present study identifies the genomic structure and the gene content of the T cell receptor beta (TRB) locus in the Oryctolagus cuniculus whole genome assembly. The rabbit locus spans less than 600 Kb and the general genomic organization is highly conserved with respect to other mammalian species. A pool of 74 TRB variable (TRBV) genes distributed in 24(More)