Serafim Papas

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Neuroanatomical studies have demonstrated reciprocal connections between the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) and both the area postrema (AP) and the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS). To functionally characterize these projections, antidromic identification of AP and NTS neurons projecting to the PBN was attempted. Orthodromic influences on these cells, resulting(More)
Extracellular single-unit recordings from neurons in the area postrema (AP) and the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) in anesthetized male rats demonstrated that most cells in these regions have spontaneous activities of 5 Hz or less. Systemic angiotensin (ANG II) (50-500 ng) enhanced the activity of 55% of AP cells tested (n = 76), whereas 53% of tested NTS(More)
The effects of galanin (GAL) on magnocellular neurosecretory cells (MNCs) were examined during microelectrode recordings from supraoptic neurons in superfused hypothalamic explants. Application of the full-length peptide (GAL1-29) or of the N-terminal fragment GAL1-16 produced reversible membrane hyperpolarization with an IC50 near 10 nM. These effects were(More)
Previous studies have suggested the subfornical organ (SFO) to be the CNS site at which circulating angiotensin (ANG) acts to influence a variety of regulatory control mechanisms. We have utilised electrophysiological techniques: 1. to examine the neural connections through which the SFO exerts such control over hypothalamic regulatory control centres; 2.(More)
Alkylation of sensitive amino acids during synthesis of biologically important peptides is a common and well-documented problem in Fmoc-based strategy. Herein, we probed for the first time an unexpected S-alkylation of Cys-containing peptides that occur during the final TFA cleavage of peptides from the Wang solid support. Through a battery of approaches(More)
This study was part of a larger project to develop a (kinetic) theory of carpal motion based on computationally derived isometric constraints. Three-dimensional models were created from computed tomography scans of the wrists of ten normal subjects and carpal spatial relationships at physiological motion extremes were assessed. Specific points on the(More)
Selective removal of protecting groups under different cleavage mechanisms could be an asset in peptide synthesis, since it provides the feasibility to incorporate different functional groups in similar reactive centres. However, selective protection/deprotection of orthogonal protecting groups in peptides is still challenging, especially for Cys-containing(More)
Subpopulations of rat area postrema (AP) and nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) neurons exist that are responsive to changes in blood pressure. The hypothesis that these effects may be mediated by afferent baroreceptor input was examined. Orthodromic responses of AP and NTS neurons to aortic depressor nerve (ADN) stimulation were observed. Sixty-three percent(More)
Subpopulations of neurons in the area postrema (AP) and commissural nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) have been identified according to their responses to systemic angiotensin-II (ANG-II) and increases in blood pressure (BP). In order to further define the functional connections of these subpopulations of cells, electrophysiological single unit recording(More)
Basal plasma concentrations of growth hormone (GH) were monitored in both normal and estradiol-primed male rats by the collection of sequential blood samples from freely moving rats, via chronic intraatrial cannulae. Blood was sampled every 2 min for a period of 80 min and plasma GH levels determined by radioimmunoassay. The normal male rats displayed a(More)
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