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The CD95 (APO-1/Fas) system is an important mediator of T-cell cytotoxicity. We investigated this system in 22 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) from patients. All HCCs had partially or completely lost the expression of the CD95 receptor constitutively expressed by normal liver cells and might thus evade CD95-mediated killing. We also considered a new(More)
BACKGROUND Thromboembolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation is secondary to emboli arising from atrial cavities, particularly left atrial appendage. Stroke Prevention Atrial Fibrillation (SPAF) III study showed washing flow, left appendage ejection fraction, natural echocontrast, and left appendage volume and morphology, as risk parameters(More)
CD95L (CD95/APO-1/Fas ligand) is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein that induces apoptosis in sensitive target cells. CD95L can be proteolytically cleaved from the membrane by a metalloprotease and occurs in a soluble form. Thus CD95L may act as a cytotoxic effector molecule at a distance from the producer cell. In order to develop an expression system(More)
Fas/APO-1 (CD95) is a cell surface receptor which mediates apoptosis when ligated by specific antibodies or by its recently cloned natural ligand, FasL. We have studied the cytotoxic potential of FasL in vivo using Fas/APO-1-expressing Yac-1 cells as targets. Supernatant harvested from Neuro-2a cells transfected with the murine FasL cDNA contains FasL and(More)
TRAIL (APO-2 ligand) and CD95L (CD95/APO-1/Fas ligand) share the highest homology among the TNF family members and the ability to induce apoptosis. These similarities raise the issue of a potential functional redundancy between the two ligands. We have previously shown that CD95L-resistant cells may be sensitive to TRAIL, even though apoptosis induced by(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with chronic gastritis, peptic ulceration, and gastric carcinoma. The potential role of CD95-mediated apoptosis was investigated in a panel of gastric biopsies obtained from patients with H. pylori-associated chronic gastritis (n = 29) and with noninfected normal mucosa (n = 10). Immunohistochemistry revealed(More)
Wilson's disease can result in fulminant liver failure due to hepatic copper overload. The CD95 system mediates apoptosis and has been demonstrated to be involved in liver disease. In this study CD95 mediated apoptosis was investigated in patients with fulminant hepatic failure in the course of Wilson's disease and in an in vitro model of copper treated(More)
APO-1/Fas (CD95) is a transmembrane receptor that transduces apoptotic signals within various cells including T and B cells. The APO-1 gene was found to be defective in lpr mice. In these mice insertion of a retrotransposon gives rise to transcription of an abnormal mRNA and only a fraction of wild-type APO-1 mRNA. It is not clear if lpr mice still express(More)
APO-1/Fas (CD95) ligand (APO-1L) induces apoptosis in sensitive target cells. Activation-induced T cell death and Ca2(+)-independent cytotoxicity in perforin knockout mice are mediated by APO-1L. To define whether APO-1L is expressed on the surface of activated T cells and to investigate the mechanisms leading to the release of a soluble form, we developed(More)