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BACKGROUND The association of physical activity and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension and diabetes has previously been studied mostly in separate follow-up studies. The present analysis focuses on the association between physical activity and these three metabolic diseases in a representative adult cohort. METHODS The effect of the(More)
The agreement between self-reported diseases in a questionnaire survey and data from medical records was assessed in a representative sample of Finnish men and women (n = 596) aged 45-73 years. The accumulated medical record information was abstracted from the records in the health centers and the central hospital in the study region. The agreement between(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether habitual leisure time physical activity and body mass change of working-aged men and women are associated. DESIGN Prospective 10 y follow-up study. SUBJECTS A regionally representative cohort of 19-63 y old men (n = 2564) and women (n = 2695) in three municipalities in Finland. MEASUREMENTS The main outcome measures were(More)
We studied the fractionization of walking training and searched for the minimum dose to affect coronary risk factors in two randomized controlled trials. Altogether 134 (Study I) and 121 (Study II) healthy, sedentary postmenopausal women started the trials, and 130 (Study I) and 116 (Study II) completed them. In Study I the exercise intensity was 65% of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the health-related content validity of nine fitness tests by studying how low, mid, and high levels of fitness are associated with perceived health and musculoskeletal functioning. DESIGN Cross-sectional methodological study. SETTING A research institute for health promotion. PARTICIPANTS Middle-aged (37 to 57 years) men (n =(More)
The validity of various self-reported health assessments in predicting physician contracts and all-cause mortality was investigated in a prospective study in Finland. The follow-up periods were one year for the use of physician services and ten years ten months for the mortality. The study cohort comprised 1340 men and 1500 women, 35-63 years of age at the(More)
Women who pass menopause face many changes that may lead to loss of health-related fitness (HRF), especially if sedentary. Many exercise recommendations are also relevant for early postmenopausal women; however, these may not meet their specific needs because the recommendations are based mainly on studies on men. We conducted a systematic review for(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the independent associations and the possible interaction of body mass index (BMI), leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and perceived physical fitness and functional capability with the risk of mortality. DESIGN Prospective 16y follow-up study. SUBJECTS A regionally representative cohort of 35-63-y-old Finnish men (n= 1,090)(More)
BACKGROUND The American College of Sports Medicine recommends 20-60 minutes of aerobic exercise three to five days a week at an intensity of 40/50-85% of maximal aerobic power (VO(2)MAX) reserve, expending a total of 700-2000 kcal (2.93-8.36 MJ) a week to improve aerobic power and body composition. OBJECTIVE To ascertain the minimum effective dose of(More)
The association between leisure time physical activity and the risk of all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality was analyzed in a Finnish cohort of 1,072 men age 35-63 years who were followed up for 10 years and 10 months. During the period, 168 deaths were recorded, 93 of which were the result of cardiovascular diseases. Leisure time physical(More)