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Nanoparticles (NPs) have a greater potential to travel through an organism via inhalation than any other larger particles, and could be more toxic due to their larger surface area and specific structural/chemical properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro biological effects of various inhalable metallic NPs (TiO2, Ag, Al, Zn, Ni). Human(More)
Aberrant activation of Wnt/␤-catenin signaling and subsequent up-regulation of ␤-catenin response transcription (CRT) is a critical event in the development of human colon cancer. Thus, Wnt/␤-catenin signaling is an attractive target for the development of anticancer therapeutics. In this study, we identified hexachlorophene as an inhibitor of Wnt/␤-catenin(More)
Aberrant accumulation of intracellular β-catenin and subsequent activation of β-catenin response transcription (CRT) in intestinal epithelial cells is a frequent early event during the development of colon cancer. Here we show that cardamonin, a chalcone isolated from Aplinia katsumadai Hayata, inhibited CRT in SW480 colon cancer cells that carry(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate whether metformin use by ovarian cancer patients with type II diabetes was associated with improved survival. METHODS We reviewed the effect of diabetes and diabetes medications on ovarian cancer treatment and outcomes in a single-institution retrospective cohort. Inclusion criteria were International Federation of Gynecology and(More)
The dysregulation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling and subsequent upregulation of beta-catenin response transcription (CRT) occur frequently in colon cancer cells. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can repress CRT in colorectal cancer, but little is known about the mechanism of action. We show that the NSAID diclofenac inhibits Wnt/beta-catenin(More)
Aberrant activation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling and subsequent up-regulation of beta-catenin response transcription (CRT) is a critical event in the development of human colon cancer. Thus, Wnt/beta-catenin signaling is an attractive target for the development of anticancer therapeutics. In this study, we identified hexachlorophene as an inhibitor of(More)
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenol in green tea, has been reported to inhibit the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, which is aberrantly up-regulated in colorectal cancers, but its precise mechanism of action remains unclear. Here, we used a sensitive cell-based system to demonstrate that EGCG suppresses β-catenin response transcription (CRT),(More)
The Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway plays important roles in cell differentiation. Activation of this pathway, likely by Wnt-10b, has been shown to inhibit adipogenesis in cultured 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and mice. Here we revealed that bisindoylmaleimide I (BIM), which is widely used as a specific inhibitor of protein kinase C (PKC), inhibits adipocyte(More)
We investigated the cellular localization of ectopically-expressed CIS, SOCS1, SOCS2 and SOCS3 proteins. We found that SOCS proteins localize to the nucleus where they reduce Stat3 proteins and that the presence of proteasome inhibitors increased SOCS nuclear localization. Our results indicate that increased nuclear localization resulted from increased(More)