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HNF-3 beta, a member of the HNF-3/fork head family of transcription factors, is expressed in the node, notochord, floor plate, and gut in mouse embryos. A null mutation of this gene leads to embryonic lethality. The primary defect of HNF-3 beta -/- embryos is an absence of organized node and notochord formation, which leads to secondary defects in(More)
Neurogenin1 (Ngn1), Neurogenin2 (Ngn2), and Mash1 encode bHLH transcription factors with neuronal determination functions. In the telencephalon, the Ngns and Mash1 are expressed at high levels in complementary dorsal and ventral domains, respectively. We found that Ngn function is required to maintain these two separate expression domains, as Mash1(More)
Mouse Otx2 is a bicoid-class homeobox gene, related to the Drosophila orthodenticle (otd) gene. Expression of this gene is initially widespread in the epiblast at embryonic day 5.5 but becomes progressively restricted to the anterior end of the embryo at the headfold stage. In flies, loss of function mutations in otd result in deletion of pre-antennal and(More)
We have developed germ layer explant culture assays to study the role of mesoderm in anterior-posterior (A-P) patterning of the mouse neural plate. Using isolated explants of ectodermal tissue alone, we have demonstrated that the expression of Engrailed-1 (En-1) and En-2 genes in ectoderm is independent of mesoderm by the mid- to late streak stage, at least(More)
The homeobox gene Otx2 is a mouse cognate of the Drosophila orthodenticle gene, which is required for development of the brain, rostral to rhombomere three. We have investigated the mechanisms involved in this neural function and specifically the requirement for Otx2 in the visceral endoderm and the neuroectoderm using chimeric analysis in mice and explant(More)
The signals which induce vertebrate neural tissue and pattern it along the anterior-posterior (A-P) axis have been proposed to emanate from Spemann's organizer, which in mammals is a structure termed the node. However, mouse embryos mutant for HNF3 beta lack a morphological node and node derivatives yet undergo neural induction. Gene expression domains(More)
The homeobox gene goosecoid (gsc) and the winged-helix gene Hepatic Nuclear Factor-3beta (HNF-3beta) are co-expressed in all three germ layers in the anterior primitive streak and at the rostral end of mouse embryos during gastrulation. In this paper, we have tested the possibility of functional synergism or redundancy between these two genes during(More)
Local expression of FGF8 at the mid/hindbrain boundary (MHB) governs the development of multiple neurons and support cells. Here we show that the paired-domain protein Pax2 is necessary and sufficient for the induction of FGF8 in part by regulating the expression of Pax5&8. A network of transcription and secreted factors, including En1, Otx2, Gbx2, Grg4 and(More)
Previous studies have shown that the homeobox gene Otx2 is required first in the visceral endoderm for induction of forebrain and midbrain, and subsequently in the neurectoderm for its regional specification. Here, we demonstrate that Otx2 functions both cell autonomously and non-cell autonomously in neurectoderm cells of the forebrain and midbrain to(More)