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MOTIVATION Automatic knowledge discovery and efficient information access such as named entity recognition and relation extraction between entities have recently become critical issues in the biomedical literature. However, the inherent difficulty of the relation extraction task, mainly caused by the diversity of natural language, is further compounded in(More)
Data grid technology promises geographically distributed scientists to access and share physically distributed resources such as compute resource, networks, storage, and most importantly data collections for large-scale data intensive problems. Because of the massive size and distributed nature of these datasets, scheduling data grid applications must(More)
BACKGROUND The construction of interaction networks between proteins is central to understanding the underlying biological processes. However, since many useful relations are excluded in databases and remain hidden in raw text, a study on automatic interaction extraction from text is important in bioinformatics field. RESULTS Here, we suggest two kinds of(More)
Biomedical named entity recognition (NER) is a difficult problem in biomedical information processing due to the widespread ambiguity of terms out of context and extensive lexical variations. This paper presents a two-phase biomedical NER consisting of term boundary detection and semantic labeling. By dividing the problem, we can adopt an effective model(More)
Named entity (NE) recognition has become one of the most fundamental tasks in biomedical knowledge acquisition. In this paper, we present a two-phase named entity recognizer based on SVMs, which consists of a boundary identification phase and a semantic classification phase of named entities. When adapting SVMs to named entity recognition, the multi-class(More)
! Abstract— Three-dimensional user interfaces (3D UIs) support user tasks in many non-traditional interactive systems such as virtual environments and augmented reality. Although 3D UI researchers have been successful in identifying basic user tasks and interaction metaphors, evaluating the usability of 3D interaction techniques, and improving the usability(More)
This paper presents an architecture and implementation for a dynamic OGSA-based grid service architecture that extends GT3 to support dynamic service hosting - where to host and re-host a service within the grid in response to service demand and resource fluctuation. Our model goes beyond current OGSI implementations in which the service is presumed to be(More)
This paper suggests a new method to search main path, as a knowledge trajectory, in the citation network. To enhance the performance and remedy the problems suggested by other researchers for main path analysis (Hummon and Doreian, Social Networks 11(1): 39–63, 1989), we applied two techniques, the aggregative approach and the stochastic approach. The first(More)
This paper describes our recent experimental evaluation of Information-Rich Virtual Environment (IRVE) interfaces. To explore the depth cue/visibility tradeoff between annotation schemes, we design and evaluate two information layout techniques to support search and comparison tasks. The techniques provide different depth and association cues between(More)