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PURPOSE A urinary assay for PCA3, an mRNA that is highly over expressed in prostate cancer cells, has shown usefulness as a diagnostic test for this common malignancy. We further characterized PCA3 performance in different groups of men and determined whether the PCA3 score could synergize with other clinical information to predict biopsy outcome. (More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenously expressed 20-24 nucleotide RNAs thought to repress protein translation through binding to a target mRNA (1-3). Only a few of the more than 250 predicted human miRNAs have been assigned any biological function. In an effort to uncover miRNAs important during adipocyte differentiation, antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs)(More)
RNA interference can be considered as an antisense mechanism of action that utilizes a double-stranded RNase to promote hydrolysis of the target RNA. We have performed a comparative study of optimized antisense oligonucleotides designed to work by an RNA interference mechanism to oligonucleotides designed to work by an RNase H-dependent mechanism in human(More)
A library of 2'-methoxyethyl-modified antisense oligonucleotides (2'MOE ASO) targeting 1,510 different genes has been developed, validated, and used to identify cell cycle regulatory genes. The most effective molecular target identified was Eg5 (kinesin-like-1), which when inhibited gave the largest increase in 4N DNA in various tumor cells. The Eg5 ASO(More)
Cancers have been described as wounds that do not heal, suggesting that the two share common features. By comparing microarray data from a model of renal regeneration and repair (RRR) with reported gene expression in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), we asked whether those two processes do, in fact, share molecular features and regulatory mechanisms. The majority(More)
[1] Multiple regimes in the atmospheric zonal-mean flow of the Southern Hemisphere are examined using 53 years of daily observational analysis data. Estimates of the probability density function in the reduced-phase space spanned by the two leading empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs) are found to exhibit significant deviations from bivariate Gaussianity.(More)
We investigated the use of an antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) specific for mRNA of the alpha chain (CD49d) of mouse VLA-4 to down-regulate VLA-4 expression and alter central nervous system (CNS) inflammation. ISIS 17044 potently and specifically reduced CD49d mRNA and protein in cell lines and in ex-vivo-treated primary mouse T cells. When administered(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are believed to play important roles in developmental and other cellular processes by hybridizing to complementary target mRNA transcripts. This results in either cleavage of the hybridized transcript or negative regulation of translation. Little is known about the regulation or pattern of miRNA expression. The predicted presence of(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of prostate cancer gene 3 (PCA3) mRNA normalized to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) mRNA in urine has been proposed as a marker for prostate cancer. METHODS We investigated pre-analytical effects, analytical performance, and diagnostic accuracy of a quantitative assay for PCA3. RESULTS Urine specimens collected without prostate(More)
Adipogenesis is the process by which undifferentiated precursor cells differentiate into fat laden adipocytes. The nuclear proteins peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) play a central role in adipocyte differentiation. The goals of this study were to identify novel PPARgamma responsive genes and to determine their role in regulating human(More)