Seongbin Hwang

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In earlier studies, the assimilation of selenate by plants appeared to be limited by its reduction, a step that is thought to be mediated by ATP sulfurylase. Here, the Arabidopsis APS1 gene, encoding a plastidic ATP sulfurylase, was constitutively overexpressed in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). Compared with that in untransformed plants, the ATP(More)
Se can be accumulated by plants and volatilized to dimethylselenide, providing an attractive technology for Se phytoremediation. To determine the rate-limiting steps in Se volatilization from selenate and selenite, timeand concentration-dependent kinetics of Se accumulation and volatilization were studied in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). Time-dependent(More)
ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) is a highly conserved, low molecular mass (ca. 21 kDa) GTP-binding protein that has been implicated in vesicle trafficking and signal transduction in yeast and mammalian cells. However, little is known of ARF in plant systems. A putative ARF polypeptide was identifed in subcellular fractions of the green alga Chlamydomonas(More)
Transcription of nuclear lhc genes has been shown to be under circadian clock control in angiosperms, but many aspects of this regulation have not been elucidated. Unicellular organisms, such as the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, offer significant advantages for the study of cellular clocks. Therefore, we have asked whether lhc gene expression is(More)
Cycloheximide, an inhibitor of cytoplasmic translation, induced a rapid reduction of 70–80% in levels of mRNA for the chloroplast elongation factor Tu (tufA) in asynchronously growing Chlamydomonas. This effect was shown to be mainly transcriptional, and not restricted to tufA, as transcription of other chloroplast-encoded genes were(More)
The first tobacco cDNA encoding phytochelatin synthase (NtPCS1) has been cloned by complementing the YCF1 (vacuolar ABC type transporter)-depleting yeast mutant DTY167 with an expression library fromNicotiana tabacum. When NtPCSI was over-expressed in DTY165 (WT) and DTY167 (mutant), tolerance to and the accumulation of cadmium (Cd) were enhanced.(More)
A cDNA encoding the precursor to a major 20-kDa thylakoid polypeptide of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (P22), previously localized to the photosystem I light-harvesting complex (LHCI), was characterized. N-terminal sequencing of P22 identified the precursor cleavage site. Genomic Southern blots and polymerase chain reaction analyses show that the gene for P22(More)
Yeast is a good system for studying molecular mechanisms of metal tolerance. Using a mini-Tn mutagenized yeast pool, we isolated a chromate-tolerant mutant, CrT9, that displayed metal-specific tolerance since it was only tolerant to Cr(VI), not to Cr(III), Cd, As, or Fe. The Cr-tolerance of CrT9 appeared to be due to reduced Cr accumulation as it(More)
The Ub/26S proteasome system removes abnormal proteins and most short-lived regulatory proteins, thereby contributing to cell proliferation, hormone responses, development and resistance to abiotic and biotic stresses. Here we show that cadmium tolerance is related positively to the 20S proteasome (catalytic particle of 26S proteasome) activity in plants.(More)
The Stylosanthes hamata SHST1 gene encodes a high-affinity sulfate transporter located in the plasma membrane. In this study the S. hamata SHST1 gene was constitutively expressed in Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.] to investigate its importance for tolerance and accumulation of various oxyanions that may be transported by SHST1 and for cadmium,(More)