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Ghrelin, a stomach-derived hormone, induces adiposity when administered to rodents. Because ghrelin receptor is abundantly expressed in adipose tissue, we investigated the role of ghrelin in adipocyte biology. We observed ghrelin receptor expression in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and adipocytes. Treatment of preadipocytes with ghrelin induced cellular(More)
PURPOSE To investigate bone mineral density (BMD) profiles, osteoporosis prevalence and risk factors in a community-based cohort in Korea. METHODS The present study is a cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of 1,547 men and 1991 women aged 40 years and older with BMD measurements using central dual energy X-ray absorptiometry from a(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Genetic susceptibility plays an important role in the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy. Previous studies have revealed that polymorphisms in the SLC12A3 (solute carrier family 12 member [sodium/chloride] 3) gene, which encodes solute carrier family 12 member(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of silent corticotroph adenomas (SCAs) is not rare among nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs); however, it is unknown whether the clinical significance of SCAs differs from that of NFPAs without ACTH immunoreactivity (non-SCAs). Our goal was to compare the clinical characteristics and natural history between patients with SCAs(More)
Resistin is an adipocyte-derived peptide that might play a role in obesity and insulin resistance. However, its role in humans is largely unclear. Although many studies have measured the expression of human resistin in tissues, the circulating concentrations of resistin and its relation to metabolic parameters in humans are unknown. We developed an ELISA(More)
Knowledge regarding the genetic risk loci for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is still limited. In this study, we performed a two-stage genome-wide association analysis in Korean women. In the stage 1 genome scan, 468 women with GDM and 1,242 nondiabetic control women were compared using 2.19 million genotyped or imputed markers. We selected 11 loci for(More)
Mesenchymal cells are able to differentiate into several distinct cell types, including osteoblasts and adipocytes. The commitment to a particular lineage may be regulated by specific transcription factors. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), acting in conjunction with CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-alpha, has been suggested as a(More)
OBJECTIVE Resistin belongs to a family of cysteine-rich secreted polypeptides that are mainly produced by monocytes/macrophages in humans. Recently, high concentrations of resistin were shown to induce vascular endothelial dysfunction and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. We examined if resistin was secreted from macrophages locally in atheromas(More)
Osteoblasts and adipocytes originate from common mesenchymal progenitor cells. We have investigated whether mouse osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells can be induced to transdifferentiate into mature adipocytes by the ectopic expression of adipogenic transcription factors, PPARgamma, C/EBPalpha, or both. Retrovirus-mediated overexpression of PPARgamma alone or both(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) syndromes are inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion with high penetrance. There are three subtypes, namely, MEN2A (multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A), MEN2B (multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B), and familial medullary thyroid carcinoma. The variations in the RET gene play an important role in the MEN2(More)