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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with an almost immediate reduction in cerebral blood flow (CBF). Because cerebral perfusion pressure is often normal under these circumstances it was hypothesized that the reduction of post-traumatic CBF has to occur at the level of the microcirculation. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether(More)
Pharmacological studies using bradykinin B2 receptor antagonists suggest that bradykinin, an early mediator of inflammation and the main metabolite of the kallikrein-kinin system, is involved in secondary brain damage after cerebral ischemia. However, the time-course of bradykinin production and kinin receptor expression as well as the conclusive role of(More)
The timing of decompressive craniectomy for the treatment of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a widely discussed clinical issue. Although we showed recently that early decompression is beneficial following experimental TBI, it remains unclear to what degree decompression craniectomy reduces secondary brain damage(More)
The contribution of leukocyte infiltration to brain damage after permanent focal cerebral ischemia and the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish a mouse model for the visualization of leukocytes in the cerebral microcirculation in vivo and to investigate leukocyte-endothelial interaction (LEI)(More)
Ischemia, especially pericontusional ischemia, is one of the leading causes of secondary brain damage after traumatic brain injury (TBI). So far efforts to improve cerebral blood flow (CBF) after TBI were not successful because of various reasons. We previously showed that nitric oxide (NO) applied by inhalation after experimental ischemic stroke is(More)
RATIONALE Stroke is the third most common cause of death in industrialized countries. The main therapeutic target is the ischemic penumbra, potentially salvageable brain tissue that dies within the first few hours after blood flow cessation. Hence, strategies to keep the penumbra alive until reperfusion occurs are needed. OBJECTIVE To study the effect of(More)
Leukocytes are believed to be involved in delayed cell death following traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, data demonstrating that blood-borne inflammatory cells are present in the injured brain prior to the onset of secondary brain damage have been inconclusive. We therefore investigated both the interaction between leukocytes and the cerebrovascular(More)
We designed several distraction devices and applied these instruments in 14 patients with varying types of craniosynostosis. The aim of this report is to clarify the advantages and disadvantages of these surgical methods and to discuss current concepts for the surgical strategy in the treatment of craniosynostosis. From January 2000 to July 2005, 28(More)
BACKGROUND Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is the stroke subtype with the highest mortality and morbidity. Which molecular events mediate brain damage after SAH is not well understood. OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of proinflammatory bradykinin B(1) and B(2) receptors for the pathophysiology of SAH. METHODS B(1) and B(2) receptor knockout or wild-type(More)
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