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* Abstract-This paper introduces a new air-gap structure, the slanted air-gap, for increasing the speed limit of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) for application in a hybrid electric vehicle. This unique slanted air-gap is intended to maximize the ratio of the back-emf of a machine that is controllable by brushless field excitation(More)
* Abstract-This paper introduces a new analytical method for performing the output torque calculations of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) including both permanent magnet and reluctance torque components. This method works well when using a 2-dimensional magnetic equivalent circuit of a machine by omitting the step of calculating the(More)
—This paper introduces a new method for calculating the power factor and output torque by considering the cross saturation between direct-axis (d-axis) and quadrature-axis (q-axis) of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). The conventional two-axis IPMSM model is modified to include the cross saturation effect by adding the cross-coupled(More)
The electronic structures at the interface of aluminum tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) (Alq 3)/Al 2 O 3 /Al have been determined by ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy measurements and compared to similar measurements of the Alq 3 /Al interface. In the Alq 3 /Al 2 O 3 /Al study, shift of the highest occupied molecular orbital level of the Alq 3 layer was(More)
The separation of C60 and C70 fullerenes on four different polysiloxane stationary phases was examined. It was determined that polar solvents can be used as mobile phases effectively for the separation of fullerene molecules. Unlike previously published work, a polymeric octadecyl siloxane (ODS) stationary phase provided higher separation factors for(More)
1 Abstract-This paper shows how to maximize the effect of the slanted air-gap structure of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor with brushless field excitation (BFE) for application in a hybrid electric vehicle. The BFE structure offers high torque density at low speed and weakened flux at high speed. The unique slanted air-gap is intended to(More)
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