Learn More
Fanconi anemia (FA) and ataxia telangiectasia (AT) are clinically distinct autosomal recessive disorders characterized by spontaneous chromosome breakage and hematological cancers. FA cells are hypersensitive to mitomycin C (MMC), while AT cells are hypersensitive to ionizing radiation (IR). Here, we identify the Fanconi anemia protein, FANCD2, as a link(More)
CABIN1 acts as a negative regulator of p53 by keeping p53 in an inactive state on chromatin. Genotoxic stress causes rapid dissociation of CABIN1 and activation of p53. However, its molecular mechanism is still unknown. Here, we reveal the phosphorylation- and ubiquitination-dependent degradation of CABIN1 upon DNA damage, releasing p53 for transcriptional(More)
Many differentially methylated genes have been identified in prostate cancer (PCa), primarily using candidate gene-based assays. Recently, several global DNA methylation profiles have been reported in PCa, however, each of these has weaknesses in terms of ability to observe global DNA methylation alterations in PCa. We hypothesize that there remains(More)
M-type (KCNQ) potassium channels play an important role in regulating the action potential firing in neurons. Here, we investigated the effect of cholesterol on M current in superior cervical ganglion (SCG) sympathetic neurons, using the patch clamp technique. M current was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by cholesterol loading with a(More)
Notch signaling pathway enhances neural stem cell characters and regulates cell fate decisions during neural development. Interestingly, besides Notch, other γ-secretase substrates such as APP, LRP2, and ErbB4 have also proven to have biological functions in neural development. We designed a unique experimental setting, combining gain-of- (expression of(More)
Polycations such as polybrene (PB) are routinely used for most retroviral vector-mediated gene transfer studies because they can increase the infectivity of retroviruses. However, it was not systematically determined if addition of the polycation is an essential prerequisite for all retroviral transductions. To test this, we measured the effects of the(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor function can be compromised in many tumors by the cellular antagonist HDM2 and human papillomavirus oncogene E6 that induce p53 degradation. Restoration of p53 activity has strong therapeutic potential. Here, we identified TSC-22 as a novel p53-interacting protein and show its novel function as a positive regulator of p53. We found(More)
The promyogenic cell surface molecule Cdo is required for activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and nuclear factor of activated T cells c3 (NFATc3) induced by netrin-2 in myogenic differentiation. However, the molecular mechanism leading to NFATc3 activation is unknown. Stromal interaction molecule 1 (Stim1), an internal calcium sensor(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening is growing in popularity in China, but its impact on biopsy characteristics and outcomes are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to characterize prostate biopsy outcomes and trends in Chinese men over a 10-year period, since the increasing use of PSA tests. METHODS All men (n = 1,650) who(More)
Approximately 40 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with prostate cancer (PCa) risk have been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, these GWAS-identified PCa risk-associated SNPs can explain only a small proportion of heritability (~13%) of PCa risk. Gene–gene interaction is speculated to be one of the(More)