Seong Muk Kim

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Adenovirus-mediated gene therapies against brain tumors have been limited by the difficulty in tracking glioma cells infiltrating the brain parenchyma. Human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSC) are particularly attractive cells for clinical use in cell-based therapies. In the present study, we evaluated the tumor targeting(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have been used for cell-based therapies in degenerative disease and as vehicles for delivering therapeutic genes to sites of injury and tumors. Recently, umbilical cord blood (UCB) was identified as a source for MSCs, and human UCB-derived MSCs (hUCB-MSCs) can serve as an alternative source of bone marrow-derived(More)
Temozolomide (TMZ) has become a key therapeutic agent in patients with malignant gliomas; however, its survival benefit remains unsatisfactory. Valproic acid (VPA) has emerged as an anticancer drug via inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs), but the therapeutic advantages of a combination with VPA and TMZ remain poorly understood. The main aim of the(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in the differentiation, development, and survival of neural stem cells. In this study, we analyzed its effects on the stimulation of human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells in terms of their potential to differentiate into neuron-like cells, their survival characteristics,(More)
Stem cell transplantation is a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of stroke. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a potential cell source for clinical application because they can be easily obtained and cultivated with a high proliferative capacity. The safety and efficacy of cell therapy depends on the mode of cell administration. To determine(More)
The apoptotic ligand TRAIL is believed to have promise as a cancer gene therapy, yet many types of cancer, including gliomas, have exhibited resistance to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Here, we show that therapeutic combination of the lipoxygenase inhibitor MK886 and TRAIL-secreting human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC-TRAIL) provide targeted and prolonged delivery(More)
In this study, we showed that knocking-down interleukin-8 (IL-8) in glioma cells, or its receptor, CXC chemokine receptor 1 (CXCR1) in hUCB-MSCs reduced hUCB-MSC migration toward glioma cells in a Transwell chamber. In contrast, CXCR1-transfected hUCB-MSCs (CXCR1-MSCs) showed a superior capacity to migrate toward glioma cells in a Transwell chamber compared(More)
Clinical trials of gene therapy using a viral delivery system for glioma have been limited. Recently, gene therapy using stem cells as the vehicles for delivery of therapeutic agents has emerged as a new treatment strategy for malignant brain tumors. In this study, we used human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSCs) as delivery(More)
Numerous studies have reported that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can ameliorate neurological deficits in ischemic stroke models. Among the various hypotheses that have been suggested to explain the therapeutic mechanism underlying these observations, neurogenesis is thought to be critical. To enhance the therapeutic benefits of human bone marrow-derived(More)
Numerous studies have shown the benefits of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on the repair of spinal cord injury (SCI) model and on behavioral improvement, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, to investigate possible mechanisms by which MSCs contribute to the alleviation of neurologic deficits, we examined the potential effect of human(More)