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Many empirical studies of human walks have reported that there exist fundamental statistical features commonly appearing in mobility traces taken in various mobility settings. These include: 1) heavy-tail flight and pause-time distributions; 2) heterogeneously bounded mobility areas of individuals; and 3) truncated power-law intercontact times. This paper(More)
—Simulating human mobility is important in mobile networks because many mobile devices are either attached to or controlled by humans and it is very hard to deploy real mobile networks whose size is controllably scalable for performance evaluation. Lately various measurement studies of human walk traces have discovered several significant statistical(More)
The routing performance of delay tolerant networks (DTN) is highly correlated with the distribution of inter-contact times (ICT), the time period between two successive contacts of the same two mobile nodes. As humans are often carriers of mobile communication devices, studying the patterns of human mobility is an essential tool to understand the(More)
This paper reports that bursty hot spot sizes are a key factor in causing the heavy-tail distribution of flights in human walks. A heavy-tailed distribution of flights is a signature feature of Levy walks. The data analysis based on GPS traces of human walks reveals that the sizes of a few extremely large hot spots are dominating the mean size of hot spots(More)
OBJECTIVE Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is often complicated by subsidence, pseudoarthrosis, kyphosis, and graft donor site morbidities. To decrease the occurrence of these complications, various types of cages have been developed. We designed this retrospective study to analyze and compare the efficacy and outcomes of ACDF using double(More)
In 2009, the first outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) or herpangina (HP) caused by enterovirus 71 occurred in the Republic of Korea. This study inquired into risk factors associated with complications of HFMD or HP. A retrospective medical records review was conducted on HFMD or HP patients for whom etiologic viruses had been verified in 2009.(More)
Keywords: Baseflow separation Recession curve analysis Water quality L-THIA WHAT a b s t r a c t Many hydrologic and water quality computer models have been developed and applied to assess hydrologic and water quality impacts of land use changes. These models are typically calibrated and validated prior to their application. The Long-Term Hydrologic Impact(More)