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PURPOSE The main issue with the current ultrasonography (US) guidelines is the overestimation of malignant and indeterminate nodules as they do not aid in making decisions to treat patients. To overcome this, new US guidelines for thyroid nodules that have been shown to be better correlated with cytologic results have been proposed. We also suggested(More)
PURPOSE Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent and give rise to distinctly differentiated cells from all three germ layers. Neuronal differentiation of MSC has great potential for cellular therapy. We examined whether the cluster of mechanically made, not neurosphere, could be differentiated into neuron-like cells by growth factors, such as epidermal(More)
PURPOSE Current management for patients with differentiated thyroid cancer includes near total thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine therapy followed by administration of supraphysiological doses of levothyroxine (L-T4). Although hyperthyroidism is a well known risk factor for osteoporosis, the effects of L-T4 treatment on bone mineral density (BMD) in(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) secrete neurotrophic factors, and have been reported to improve functional outcomes in animal models of neurodegenerative diseases such as cerebral ischemia, stroke, spinal cord lesions, and Parkinson’s disease. Previously, we found that adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) cultured at high cell density(More)
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