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Recently, tremendous engineering applications utilizing new physics of nanoscale electrokinetics have been reported and their basic fundamentals are actively researched. In this work, we first report a simple and economic but reliable nanochannel fabrication technique, leading to a heterogeneously charged triangular nanochannel. The nanochannel utilized the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the crack resistance behavior (K(R)) of human enamel in relation to its microstructure. METHODS Human molar teeth were precision cut, polished and tested using Vickers micro-indentation at different loads ranging from 0.98 to 9.8 N. Five indentation load levels were considered, 20 indentation cracks for(More)
Nanostructured superhydrophobic silicon surfaces with tunable reflectance are fabricated via a simple maskless deep reactive-ion etching process. By controlling the scale of the high-aspect-ratio nanostructures on a wafer-scale surface, surface reflectance is maximized or minimized over the UV-vis-IR range while maintaining superhydrophobic properties.
This report describes a simple method for the direct patterning of nanofibers on a flexible, insulating film. The method allows the replication of nanofibrous patterns from a single patterned electrode and the fabrication of multilayered patterns from various electrode shapes. The architecture of the fibrous patterns can be controlled by tailoring the(More)
Polypyrrole (PPy) micro/nanostructures coated with Au nanoparticles were prepared by electropolymerization and electro-deposition. Two types of PPy structures, micro-embossed and nanowire forest, were synthesized on patterned gold electrodes using different aqueous solutions, and Au nanoparticles were coated onto the PPy micro/nanostructure surface. The(More)
An ideal black material absorbs light perfectly over all wavelengths and is totally nonreflective. Material and structural design are crucial to the management of reflectivity. Here, we report a three-dimensionally designed (3D) silicon structure consisting of silicon pillars. To our knowledge, this 3D hierarchical surface has the lowest specular(More)
Recently, much attention has been drawn to stretchable or flexible electronic sensors for measuring input pressure or deformation on movable and arbitrarily shaped objects. In this research as a preliminary study for developing a new stretchable stain sensor, we designed an integrated experimental system for measuring simultaneously change of strain,(More)
Controlling the architecture of electrospun fibers is one of the key issues in tissue engineering. This report describes a rapid and reproducible patterning method for the fabrication of an electrospun fibrous scaffold. The electrospun fibers were deposited on a patterned electrode. The patterned scaffold was fabricated using a thin insulating film between(More)
Recently, much research has been focused on stretchable or flexible electronic sensors for the measurement of strain or deformation on movable and variably shaped objects. In this research, to evaluate the performance of stretchable strain sensors, we have designed an integrated evaluation system capable of simultaneously measuring the change in stress and(More)
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