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Resveratrol, a naturally occurring polyphenolic phytoalexin antioxidant compound present in grapes and red wine, has been reported to induce various biochemical responses. It has been shown to possess anti‑aging, anti‑inflammatory and anti‑proliferative activities in several cell types. However, the effects of resveratrol in normal cells, including(More)
Resveratrol (trans-3,4'-trihydroxystillbene), a naturally occurring polyphenolic antioxidant found in grapes and red wine, elicits diverse biochemical responses and demonstrates anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative effects in several cell types. Previously, resveratrol was shown to regulate differentiation and inflammation in rabbit(More)
Berberine is a clinically important natural isoquinoline alkaloid found in many medicinal herbs. Berberine has been shown to have many pharmacological effects including antimicrobial, antitumor, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effects and mechanism of action of berberine have not been studied in chondrosarcoma. Therefore, the effects of(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are critical for the degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM), which includes cartilage-specific collagen types I, II and XI. We previously found that PEP-1-sirtuin (SIRT)2 could induce dedifferentiation of articular chondrocytes; however, the underlying mechanisms remains unclear. We addressed this in the present study(More)
CONTEXT Ostericum koreanum (Maxim.) Kitagawa (Apiaceae) roots are traditionally used as an analgesic and antiulcer agent. However, the antiulcer potential of isoimperatorin isolated from O. koreanum has not yet been explored. AIM To evaluate the antiulcer activity of isoimperatorin isolated from the roots of O. koreanum. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
SIRT2 is a member of the mammalian sirtuin protein family, primarily found in the cytoplasm. It regulates numerous cellular processes including aging, DNA repair, cell cycle, and survival under stress conditions. However, the biological function and mechanism of the SIRT2 protein was not well understood in normal cells such as primary chondrocytes. In this(More)
Chondrocytes are the exclusive cells residing in cartilage and maintain the functionality of cartilage tissue. Series of biocomponents such as different growth factors, cytokines, and transcriptional factors regulate the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiation to chondrocytes. The number of chondrocytes and dedifferentiation are the key limitations in(More)
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