Seong Hoon Cho

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Activin A, a homodimeric protein (betaAbetaA) and a member of the TGF-beta superfamily, is involved in the inflammatory repair process. Using cDNA microarray analysis, we discovered strong induction of the activin betaA gene in human mast cells (MC) on stimulation with PMA and calcium ionophore (A23187). Activin betaA mRNA was also highly induced in primary(More)
Dysregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and ineffective fibrinolysis are associated with the deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). We hypothesized that elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 promotes ECM deposition in the asthmatic airway by inhibiting MMP-9 activity and fibrinolysis. Degree of airway inflammation was similar in(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 is the main inhibitor of the fibrinolytic system and is known to play an essential role in tissue remodeling. Recent evidence indicates that chronic asthma may lead to tissue remodeling such as subepithelial fibrosis and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition in the airways. However, the role of PAI-1 in asthma is(More)
BACKGROUND Racemic formoterol is an equimolar mixture of (R,R)- and (S,S)-formoterol. Several studies have shown (S,S)-formoterol to have proinflammatory effects. We previously reported that (S)-albuterol increased the secretion of histamine and interleukin (IL)-4 in murine mast cells. We thus hypothesized that (S,S)-formoterol promotes asthma by enhancing(More)
Mast cells not only function as effector cells but also influence nearly every other cell involved in causing allergic rhinitis. Mast cell-derived mediators such as histamine, bradykinin, tryptase, and the arachidonic acid derivatives produce the symptoms of the early-phase reaction of allergic rhinitis and also attract and activate other leukocytes(More)