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In this paper we introduce the notion of -chanable fuzzy metirc space. We give some conditions of which four self mappings of -chanable fuzzy metric space have a unique common fixed point. Also we characterize the conditions for two self mappings of -chanable fuzzy metric space have a unique common fixed point. Mathematics Subject Classification: 47H10,… (More)
Activin A, a homodimeric protein (betaAbetaA) and a member of the TGF-beta superfamily, is involved in the inflammatory repair process. Using cDNA microarray analysis, we discovered strong induction of the activin betaA gene in human mast cells (MC) on stimulation with PMA and calcium ionophore (A23187). Activin betaA mRNA was also highly induced in primary… (More)
In this paper, we introduce the concept of regular semiopen L-set and investigate some of its properties and obtain a characterization of regular semiopen L-sets. Also, we characterize that every cover of an L-topological space X by semiopen L-sets has a 2nite subcover whose semiclosures cover X . c © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Dysregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and ineffective fibrinolysis are associated with the deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). We hypothesized that elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 promotes ECM deposition in the asthmatic airway by inhibiting MMP-9 activity and fibrinolysis. Degree of airway inflammation was similar in… (More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 is the main inhibitor of the fibrinolytic system and is known to play an essential role in tissue remodeling. Recent evidence indicates that chronic asthma may lead to tissue remodeling such as subepithelial fibrosis and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition in the airways. However, the role of PAI-1 in asthma is… (More)
BACKGROUND Racemic formoterol is an equimolar mixture of (R,R)- and (S,S)-formoterol. Several studies have shown (S,S)-formoterol to have proinflammatory effects. We previously reported that (S)-albuterol increased the secretion of histamine and interleukin (IL)-4 in murine mast cells. We thus hypothesized that (S,S)-formoterol promotes asthma by enhancing… (More)
We modeled hunting demand among resident hunters in the Southeastern United States. Our model revealed that future hunting demand will likely decline in this region. Population growth in the region will increase demand but structural change in the region's demography (e.g., "browning" and "aging "), along with declining forestland access will decrease… (More)
In this paper, we have some characterizations of fuzzy semi-irresolute and strongly irresolute functions.
Mast cells not only function as effector cells but also influence nearly every other cell involved in causing allergic rhinitis. Mast cell-derived mediators such as histamine, bradykinin, tryptase, and the arachidonic acid derivatives produce the symptoms of the early-phase reaction of allergic rhinitis and also attract and activate other leukocytes… (More)