Learn More
Radiotherapy is widely used to treat cancer alone or in combination with surgery, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. However, damage to normal tissues and radioresistance of tumor cells are major obstacles to successful radiotherapy. Furthermore, the immune network around tumors appears to be connected to tumor progression and recurrence. We investigated the(More)
Underlying mechanisms involved in the activation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) in cancer cells are diverse and cell type specific. Although both HIF-1alpha and AKT (protein kinase B) have been implicated in gastric tumor promotion and angiogenesis, it remains unclear whether HIF-1 mediates the role of AKT in terms of promoting vascular endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND The transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) has been implicated in gastric cancer metastasis, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the role of the interaction between NF-κB and signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) in controlling metastatic potential of gastric cancer cells. (More)
Recently low dose irradiation has gained attention in the field of radiotherapy. For lack of understanding of the molecular consequences of low dose irradiation, there is much doubt concerning its risks on human beings. In this article, we report that low dose irradiation is capable of blocking the oncogenic KRAS-induced malignant transformation. To address(More)
Although low-dose radiation (LDR) regulates a wide range of biological processes, limited information is available on the effects of LDR on the chondrocyte phenotype. Here, we found that LDR, at doses of 0.5-2 centiGray (cGy), inhibited interleukin (IL)-1β-induced chondrocyte destruction without causing side effects, such as cell death and senescence. IL-1β(More)
We expressed the allogenic class II MHC antigen and B7.1 (CD80) co-stimulatory molecule in A20 beta-lymphoma cells in order to test their efficacy as immuno-stimulating adjuvant agents in inducing tumor-specific immunity. The transduction of the allogenic I-Ab alpha and beta chain genes into A20 cell resulted in a surface expression of the allogenic class(More)
CONCLUSION Our findings suggest that the aging process induces changes in the phenotype of olfactory supporting cells in the rat. OBJECTIVE To investigate age-related changes in the expression of astroglial intermediate filament proteins in the olfactory supporting cells of the rat. MATERIAL AND METHODS The expression of nestin and glial fibrillary(More)
This study explored the effects of low-dose and high-dose irradiation on inflammatory macrophage cells, specifically inflammatory cytokine secretion and nitric oxide (NO) production after irradiation. To elucidate the effect of irradiation on active and inactive macrophages, we exposed LPS-treated or untreated murine monocyte/macrophage RAW 264.7 cell lines(More)
The RNA-binding protein Sam68, a mitotic substrate of tyrosine kinases, has been reported to participate in the cell cycle, apoptosis, and signaling. In particular, overexpression of Sam68 protein is known to suppress cell growth and cell cycle progression in NIH3T3 cells. Although Sam68 is involved in many cellular activities, the function of Sam68,(More)