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PURPOSE Because the biological significance of constitutive nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation in human gastric cancer is unclear, we undertook this study to clarify the regulatory mechanism of NF-kappaB activation and its clinical significance. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Immunohistochemistry for NF-kappaB/RelA was done on 290 human gastric carcinoma(More)
Ionizing radiation generates oxidative stress, which is thought to be a major cause of aging. Although living organisms are constantly exposed to low levels of radiation, most studies examining the effect of radiation have focused on accelerated aging and diminished life span that result from high-dose radiation. On the other hand, several studies have(More)
Numerous studies report that exposing certain organisms to low-dose radiation induces beneficial effects on lifespan, tumorigenesis, and immunity. By analyzing survival after bacterial infection and antimicrobial peptide gene expression in irradiated flies, we demonstrate that low-dose irradiation of Drosophila enhances innate immunity. Low-dose irradiation(More)
We focused on the transcriptional responses induced by low and very low doses of ionizing radiation with time effect. Regardless of their importance only a few limited studies have been done. Here we applied a large-scale gene transcript profile to elucidate the genes and biological pathways. Immortalized human mesenchymal stem cells were irradiated with(More)
AKT phosphorylates components of the intrinsic cell survival machinery and promotes survival to various stimuli. In the present study, we identified CDC-like kinase 2 (CLK2) as a new substrate of AKT activation and elucidated its role in cell survival to ionizing radiation. AKT directly binds to and phosphorylates CLK2 on serine 34 and threonine 127, in(More)
Akt/protein kinase B (PKB) plays an important role in cell survival. However, the role of Akt in the biology of gastric cancer has not been well studied. We sought to investigate the expression of Akt or phosphorylated Akt (pAkt) in human gastric carcinomas and to analyze the relationship between Akt or pAkt and the clinicopathologic parameters. The(More)
Underlying mechanisms involved in the activation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) in cancer cells are diverse and cell type specific. Although both HIF-1alpha and AKT (protein kinase B) have been implicated in gastric tumor promotion and angiogenesis, it remains unclear whether HIF-1 mediates the role of AKT in terms of promoting vascular endothelial(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a potent inducer of apoptosis in some, but not all cancer cells. To assess the regulation of TRAIL-resistance in the human gastric cancer cells, we examined TRAIL sensitivity, TRAIL receptor expression, and intracellular signaling events induced by TRAIL. All the gastric cancer cell lines(More)
The role of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation in cancer cell apoptosis appears to be tailored specifically for each cell type and the type of NF-kappaB inducer. The present study aimed to determine whether or not NF-kappaB activation is associated with chemosensitivity to doxorubicin (DOX) using the DOX-sensitive SNU-601 and DOX-resistant SNU-216(More)
The biological effects of low-dose radiation have been investigated and debated for more than a century, but its cellular effects and regulatory mechanisms remain poorly understood. This study shows the human cellular responses to low-dose radiation in CCD-18 Lu cells, which are derived from normal human lung fibroblasts. We examined a colony-forming assay(More)