Seon-Kap Hwang

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ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGP) catalyzes the first committed step of starch biosynthesis in higher plants. To identify AGP isoforms essential for this biosynthetic process in sink and source tissues of rice plants, we analyzed the rice AGP gene family which consists of two genes, OsAGPS1 and OsAGPS2, encoding small subunits (SSU) and four genes,(More)
Endophytic fungi are known plant symbionts. They produce a variety of beneficial metabolites for plant growth and survival, as well as defend their hosts from attack of certain pathogens. Coastal dunes are nutrient deficient and offer harsh, saline environment for the existing flora and fauna. Endophytic fungi may play an important role in plant survival by(More)
Plastidial phosphorylase (Pho1) accounts for approximately 96% of the total phosphorylase activity in developing rice (Oryza sativa) seeds. From mutant stocks induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea treatment, we identified plants with mutations in the Pho1 gene that are deficient in Pho1. Strikingly, the size of mature seeds and the starch content in these(More)
Degradation intermediates of the estrogen-regulated apolipoprotein (apo) II mRNA were identified by S1 nuclease mapping and primer extension analysis. S1 mapping of poly(A)-RNA detected a series of mRNAs truncated at specific sites in the 3'-noncoding region. Many of these sites were also detected by primer extension analysis indicating that truncated(More)
To identify a phytoplankton cell cycle marker detected by a monoclonal antibody against mammalian proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) (S. Lin, J. Chang, and E. J. Carpenter, J. Phycol. 30:449-456, 1994), a PCNA gene fragment was isolated by reverse transcription-PCR from the marine unicellular alga Tetraselmis chui Butcher (Prasinophyceae). The gene(More)
ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, a key regulatory enzyme of starch biosynthesis, is composed of a pair of catalytic small subunits (SSs) and a pair of catalytically disabled large subunits (LSs). The N-terminal region of the LS has been known to be essential for the allosteric regulatory properties of the heterotetrameric enzyme. To gain further insight on(More)
Previous genetic studies have indicated that the type L alpha-glucan phosphorylase (Pho1) has an essential role during the initiation process of starch biosynthesis during rice seed development. To gain insight into its role in starch metabolism, we characterized the enzymatic properties of the Pho1 recombinant form. Pho1 has significantly higher catalytic(More)
The Perilla (Perilla frutescens L. cv. Okdong) oleosin gene, PfOle19, produces a 19-kDa protein that is highly expressed only in seeds. The activity of the −2,015 bp 5′-upstream promoter region of this gene was investigated in transgenic Arabidopsis plants using the fusion reporter constructs of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) and β-glucuronidase(More)
The higher plant ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) is a heterotetramer consisting of two regulatory large subunits (LSs) and two catalytic small subunits (SSs). To further characterize the roles of these subunits in determining enzyme function, different combinations of wildtype LS (LWT) and variant forms (LUpReg1, LM345) were co-expressed with(More)
Improvements in plant productivity (biomass) and yield have centered on increasing the efficiency of leaf CO(2) fixation and utilization of products by non-photosynthetic sink organs. We had previously demonstrated a correlation between photosynthetic capacity, plant growth, and the extent of leaf starch synthesis utilizing starch-deficient mutants. This(More)