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Plastidial phosphorylase (Pho1) accounts for approximately 96% of the total phosphorylase activity in developing rice (Oryza sativa) seeds. From mutant stocks induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea treatment, we identified plants with mutations in the Pho1 gene that are deficient in Pho1. Strikingly, the size of mature seeds and the starch content in these(More)
Endophytic fungi are known plant symbionts. They produce a variety of beneficial metabolites for plant growth and survival, as well as defend their hosts from attack of certain pathogens. Coastal dunes are nutrient deficient and offer harsh, saline environment for the existing flora and fauna. Endophytic fungi may play an important role in plant survival by(More)
ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGP) catalyzes the first committed step of starch biosynthesis in higher plants. To identify AGP isoforms essential for this biosynthetic process in sink and source tissues of rice plants, we analyzed the rice AGP gene family which consists of two genes, OsAGPS1 and OsAGPS2, encoding small subunits (SSU) and four genes,(More)
To identify a phytoplankton cell cycle marker detected by a monoclonal antibody against mammalian proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) (S. Lin, J. Chang, and E. J. Carpenter, J. Phycol. 30:449-456, 1994), a PCNA gene fragment was isolated by reverse transcription-PCR from the marine unicellular alga Tetraselmis chui Butcher (Prasinophyceae). The gene(More)
The higher plant ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPase) is a heterotetramer consisting of two regulatory large subunits (LSs) and two catalytic small subunits (SSs). To further characterize the roles of these subunits in determining enzyme function, different combinations of wildtype LS (LWT) and variant forms (LUpReg1, LM345) were co-expressed with(More)
Degradation intermediates of the estrogen-regulated apolipoprotein (apo) II mRNA were identified by S1 nuclease mapping and primer extension analysis. S1 mapping of poly(A)-RNA detected a series of mRNAs truncated at specific sites in the 3'-noncoding region. Many of these sites were also detected by primer extension analysis indicating that truncated(More)
Somatic cell hybrids derived from fusion of GM637, a human cell line transformed by simian virus 40, and mouse B82 cells were examined for simian virus 40 T antigen, V antigen, and viral DNA. All hybrid cell lines that contained viral DNA were T-antigen positive. Cells that did not have viral DNA were T-antigen negative. We determined that there is a single(More)
ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, a key regulatory enzyme of starch biosynthesis, is composed of a pair of catalytic small subunits (SSs) and a pair of catalytically disabled large subunits (LSs). The N-terminal region of the LS has been known to be essential for the allosteric regulatory properties of the heterotetrameric enzyme. To gain further insight on(More)
The ATP binding region in the catalytically inactive large subunit (LS) of the potato tuber ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase was identified and investigated. Mutations at the ATP binding significantly affected not only the apparent affinities for ATP and Glc-1-P, and catalytic rate but also in many instances, sensitivity to 3-phosphoglycerate. The catalytic(More)