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Zhankuic acid F (1), a new steroid acid, was isolated from the fruit bodies of Antrodia cinnamomea Chang & Chou, sp. nov. (Polyporaceae). The structure of 1 was elucidated by detailed analysis of 1D- and 2D-NMR spectra. Compound 1 appeared as a major product from the microbial transformation (Mucor racemosus) of zhankuic acid A (2).
Three new steroids, zhankuic acids A [1], B [2], and C [3], were isolated from the fruiting bodies of Antrodia cinnamomea by bioassay-guided fractionation. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by chemical reactions and detailed analysis of their 1H- and 13C-nmr spectra. Biological studies revealed that 1 exhibited cytotoxic activity against(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to assess the capability of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to assist in the differentiation of advanced gastric carcinoma with signet ring cell type from that with non-signet ring cell carcinoma (NSRC) with a focus on the thickened stomach wall itself. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed MDCT results in 80(More)
The current study investigates the stabilizing effects of three different types of spinal fusion to the juxta-free motion segments and to the fused segment of the lumbosacral spine under combined compression-torsion loads. Sixteen fresh human cadaver lumbosacral spines were tested under a simulated physiologic loading condition. The relative movements of(More)
The effects of intrathecally (i.t.) administered glibenclamide, a blocker of adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium ( KATP) channels, on antinociception produced by i.t. norepinephrine, morphine, or 5'-N-ethylcarboxamide adenosine, an adenosine agonist, were investigated using tail-flick assay. The results showed that: 1) i.t. norepinephrine (1 nmol),(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The role of nitric oxide (NO) needs to be further clarified in allergic inflammation. This study was designed to investigate the relationships between NO metabolites and eosinophil count, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), interleukin (IL)-5 in induced sputum from asthmatics. METHODS Hypertonic saline-induced sputum was obtained(More)
Even a small intracranial germinoma (GE) frequently provokes pituitary hypofunction. We evaluated the relationships between preoperative hormonal status and hormonal outcome and between size of suprasellar mass and hormonal outcome in 22 children with intracranial pure GE to determine whether or not these can reflect the degree of hypothalamo-pituitary axis(More)
In humans, serum levels of leptin correlate with total body fat in both adults and children. After collecting cord blood from 156 term neonates (82 males, 74 females; 132 AGA and 22 LGA), we measured the cord levels of leptin, insulin and IGF-I to determine the relationships between these three hormones and relationships of these hormones with birth size(More)
The nociceptive responses in parafascicular neurons (PF) were recorded and studied following electrical stimulation of locus coeruleus (LC) combined with intrathecal (IT) or intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of phentolamine (Ph), an alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist. The results revealed the following. (1) Three different PF neuronal populations were(More)
The effects of intrathecally (IT) administered naloxone (Nal) on the antinociception produced by IT norepinephrine (NE), serotonin (5-HT), or morphine (Mor) were observed and compared in rats using the tail-flick (TF) assay. The results show that: a) NE, 5-HT, and Mor in doses of 1 nmol, 240 nmol, and 0.5 nmol, respectively, produce similar increases in(More)