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BACKGROUND Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a unique tumor characterized by frequent and delayed distant metastasis (DM) with uncommon regional lymph node metastasis. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the factors affecting DM of ACC and survival after appearance of DM. DESIGN A retrospective analysis of 94 cases of ACC from 1979 through 2001. SETTING Academic(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Laryngopharyngeal reflux is a common event in patients with head and neck cancer. Bile acid is known to be related to tumor formation in the esophagus through the overexpression of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2), an enzyme that produces prostanoids. To better understand the mechanism of the laryngopharyngeal reflux-cancer connection, we(More)
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of underwater treadmill gait training on the balance ability of stroke patients. [Subjects] Twenty-two patients with stroke were randomly assigned to an underwater treadmill group (n =11) or a control group (n =11). [Methods] Both groups received general rehabilitation for 30 min per(More)
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