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In this study we investigated the blend electrospinning of poly(ϵ-caprolactone) (PCL) and silk fibroin (SF) to improve the biodegradability and biocompatibility of PCL-based nanofibrous scaffolds. Optimal conditions to fabricate PCL/SF (50/50) blend nanofiber were established for electrospinning using formic acid as a cosolvent and three-dimensional (3D)(More)
A thioredoxin peroxidase (TPx) that reduces H(2)O(2) was firstly characterized in the lepidopteran insect, silkworm Bombyx mori. The B. mori TPx (BmTPx) cDNA contains an open reading frame of 585 bp encoding 195 amino acid residues and possesses two cysteine residues that are characteristic of 2-Cys subgroup of peroxiredoxin family. The deduced amino acid(More)
Allatotropin is a 13-residue amidated neuropeptide isolated from pharate adult heads of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta and strongly stimulates biosynthesis of juvenile hormones in adults, but not larval, lepidopteran corpora allata. From a Bombyx mori midgut cDNA library, a cDNA that encodes a 130-amino-acid polypeptide containing M. sexta allatotropin(More)
In the present study, the complex gene expression responses of Plutella xylostella to microbial challenges and injury were surveyed using a newly constructed expressed sequence tag (EST) clone collection and cDNA microarray analysis. A total of 1132 P. xylostella ESTs were cloned, annotated and categorized by their putative functions; these included(More)
Cecropin is a well-studied antimicrobial peptide that is synthesized in fat body cells and hemocytes of insects in response to hypodermic injury or bacterial infection. A 503 bp cDNA encoding for a cecropin-like peptide was isolated by employing annealing control primer (ACP)-based differential display PCR and 5'-RACE with immunized Papilio xuthus larvae.(More)
It was previously reported that the up-regulation of ERp29 mRNA depends on the levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in the thyrocytes of FRTL-5 cells. In order to investigate the putative new function of ERp29 as an endoplasmic molecular (ER) chaperone, an ERp29-overexpressing FRTL-5 cell line was established. This cell line had approximately three(More)
We investigated the effects of repairing large tympanic membrane (TM) perforations in rats with a thin silk patch compared with the commonly used paper patch. We performed bilateral myringotomies of 1.8 mm in diameter on 50 adult Sprague-Dawley rats with intact TMs. The perforations in the right ears of 40 rats were treated with a silk patch, and the(More)
The insect baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) is useful for producing biologically active recombinant proteins. However, the overexpressions of foreign proteins using this system often results in misfolded proteins and the formation of protein aggregates. To overcome this limitation, we developed a versatile baculovirus expression and secretion(More)
Insects defend themselves against foreign invaders via both a cellular response and a humoral response. The objective of this study was to identify proteins which were differently regulated in the immunized Bombyx mori larvae. Heat-inactivated bacteria (Bacillus megaterium) were injected into B. mori larvae, 4 days after final ecdysis. After 6 h, we(More)
We investigated whether silk fibroin peptide derived from the silkworm, Bombyx mori, could inhibit inflammation and enhance the anti-inflammatory activity of Tat-superoxide dismutase (Tat-SOD), which was previously reported to effectively penetrate various cells and tissues and exert anti-oxidative activity in a mouse model of inflammation. Inflammation was(More)