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Oriental people usually have a wide midface and a prominent malar curve. The zygomatic bone forms the prominence of the cheek, and it is the most important part in determining the ideal oval shape of the face on the frontal view and the character of the oblique profile. Therefore, zygoma contouring is commonly performed. Women with a prominent zygoma have(More)
BACKGROUND Cryptotia is a congenital ear deformity in which the upper pole appears buried beneath the mastoid skin. Cryptotia is a common auricular malformation among Asians. The aim of this paper is to examine the surgical techniques for and complications of 34 cryptotic patients. METHODS Surgery was performed for 34 cryptotic deformities (January 2005(More)
Growth factors and matrix proteins regulate the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts. The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system comprises IGF-I, IGF-II, and six high-affinity IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). IGFs stimulate cell growth in many types of tissue; IGF-binding proteins regulate cellular actions and can affect cell growth. IGF-I is(More)
For nasal augmentation, various materials have been used for many years. The injection of foreign body has been carried on, although it is performed mostly by laymen. Because many complications arise after augmentation rhinoplasty by foreign body injection, secondary correction has been needed. These complications have included headaches, swelling, redness,(More)
One of the primary goals of the phalloplasty for female-to-male transsexuals is to gain the voiding ability in the standing position. However, achieving the competence of urethra, sensation and rigidity of the neophallus is still a significant challenge. Serious complications such as urethral fistula, obstruction and stricture were encountered in this(More)
PURPOSE Augmentation rhinoplasty using alloplastic materials is a relatively common procedure among Asians. Silicon, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-tex®), and porous high density polyethylene (Medpor®) are most frequently used materials. This study was conducted to analyze revisional rhinoplasty cases with alloplastic materials, and to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Short nose deformity results from primary short nose, previous rhinoplasty, or trauma. A septal extension graft using rib cartilage can be placed to address this deformity. Indications for this procedure include previously damaged septal cartilage, innate septal issues, saddle nose deformity, skin problems, and secondary deformities of the cleft(More)
Nicolau syndrome is a rare complication of intramuscular injection consisting of ischemic necrosis of skin, soft tissue, and muscular tissue that arises locoregionally. The characteristic pattern is pain around the injection site, developing into erythema, a livedoid dermatitis patch, and necrosis of the skin, subcutaneous fat, and muscle tissue. Three(More)
Gender reassignment operations in female-to-male transsexuals are increasing in number as the skill of phalloplasty develops. The authors are performing phalloplasty 1 year after undergoing mastectomy, reduction of nipples, oophrectomy and hysterectomy in female-to-male transsexuals. The ideal penile reconstruction should be a single-stage procedure,(More)
BACKGROUND Simultaneous surgical correction of bilateral cleft lip and nasal deformity is becoming more common. This is a major change from the conventional strategy of secondary nasal correction. METHODS Thirty patients with bilateral cleft lip and nasal deformity were repaired using the Mulliken method between July of 1997 and December of 2002. This(More)