Learn More
Oriental people usually have a wide midface and a prominent malar curve. The zygomatic bone forms the prominence of the cheek, and it is the most important part in determining the ideal oval shape of the face on the frontal view and the character of the oblique profile. Therefore, zygoma contouring is commonly performed. Women with a prominent zygoma have(More)
Previously it was thought that primary correction of nasal deformity in cleft lip patients would cause developmental impairment of the nose. It is now widely accepted that simultaneous correction of the cleft lip nasal deformity has no adverse effect on nasal growth. Thus, the authors tried to evaluate the results of primary correction of cleft lip in Asian(More)
BACKGROUND Cryptotia is a congenital ear deformity in which the upper pole appears buried beneath the mastoid skin. Cryptotia is a common auricular malformation among Asians. The aim of this paper is to examine the surgical techniques for and complications of 34 cryptotic patients. METHODS Surgery was performed for 34 cryptotic deformities (January 2005(More)
One of the primary goals of the phalloplasty for female-to-male transsexuals is to gain the voiding ability in the standing position. However, achieving the competence of urethra, sensation and rigidity of the neophallus is still a significant challenge. Serious complications such as urethral fistula, obstruction and stricture were encountered in this(More)
Growth factors and matrix proteins regulate the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts. The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system comprises IGF-I, IGF-II, and six high-affinity IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). IGFs stimulate cell growth in many types of tissue; IGF-binding proteins regulate cellular actions and can affect cell growth. IGF-I is(More)
For nasal augmentation, various materials have been used for many years. The injection of foreign body has been carried on, although it is performed mostly by laymen. Because many complications arise after augmentation rhinoplasty by foreign body injection, secondary correction has been needed. These complications have included headaches, swelling, redness,(More)
The septal extension graft is a very useful method of controlling nasal lengthening and tip projection, rotation, and shape by fixing a graft to the septum, which leads to a strong supporting structure. Enhancing graft stability is important for better long-term outcomes and minimizing complications or relapse, and even more efficient application of these(More)
PURPOSE Augmentation rhinoplasty using alloplastic materials is a relatively common procedure among Asians. Silicon, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-tex®), and porous high density polyethylene (Medpor®) are most frequently used materials. This study was conducted to analyze revisional rhinoplasty cases with alloplastic materials, and to investigate(More)
Nicolau syndrome is a rare complication of intramuscular injection consisting of ischemic necrosis of skin, soft tissue, and muscular tissue that arises locoregionally. The characteristic pattern is pain around the injection site, developing into erythema, a livedoid dermatitis patch, and necrosis of the skin, subcutaneous fat, and muscle tissue. Three(More)
BACKGROUND Short nose deformity results from primary short nose, previous rhinoplasty, or trauma. A septal extension graft using rib cartilage can be placed to address this deformity. Indications for this procedure include previously damaged septal cartilage, innate septal issues, saddle nose deformity, skin problems, and secondary deformities of the cleft(More)