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Mechanisms that govern hematopoietic lineage specification, as opposed to the expansion of committed hematopoietic progenitors, from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) have yet to be fully defined. Here, we show that within the family of genes called inhibitors of differentiation (ID), ID1 and ID3 negatively regulate the transition from lineage-specified(More)
Decellularized biologic matrices are plausible biomedical materials for the bioengineering in liver transplantation. However, one of the concerns for safe medical application is the lack of objective assessment of the immunogen within the materials and the in vivo immune responses to the matrices. The purpose of this study was the production of(More)
Notch signaling regulates several cellular processes including cell fate decisions and proliferation in both invertebrates and mice. However, comparatively less is known about the role of Notch during early human development. Here, we examined the function of Notch signaling during hematopoietic lineage specification from human pluripotent stem cells of(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) expressing pluripotency markers are assumed to possess equipotent developmental potential. However, disparate responses to differentiation stimuli functionally illustrate that hESCs generate a spectrum of differentiated cell types, suggestive of lineage bias. Here, we reveal specific cell surface markers that allow(More)
Human umbilical cord-derived perivascular cells (PVCs) are a recently characterized source of mesenchymal stromal cells that has gained much interest in the field of cellular therapeutics. However, very little is known about the changes in fate potential and restrictions that these cells undergo during gestational development. This study is the first to(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are pluripotent, whereby they can proliferate endlessly and differentiate into many different cell types. At the molecular level, little is known of the mechanisms underlying their capability for self-renewal and differentiation. In the present study, we established two new hESC lines (AMC-hES1 and AMC-hES2) and(More)
Cigarette smoking is the major aetiologic factor in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Lung fibroblasts are key participants in the maintenance of the extracellular matrix within the lung parenchyma. However, it still remains unknown how pulmonary fibroblasts are affected by cigarette smoking. Therefore, in this study, we isolated lung(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) can regenerate the entire hematopoietic system in vivo, providing the most relevant criteria to measure candidate HSCs derived from human embryonic stem cell (hESC) or induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) sources. Here we show that, unlike primitive hematopoietic cells derived from hESCs, phenotypically identical cells(More)
Applications of differentiated progeny generated from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) broadly span cell replacement therapies and screening studies (toxicology, disease-drug modeling). These applications require differentiation into lineage-specific cell types from hESCs that are largely dependent on several reported embryoid body (EB) formation methods.(More)
In recent years, perivascular stem cells (PVCs) have gained increasing attention as a promising source for regenerative medicine due to their greater differentiation potential compared to multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). It has been reported that growth differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5) is involved in regulating proliferation and chondrogenic(More)