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An efficient and simple fermentation process was developed for the production of gamma-amminobutyric acid (GABA) by Lactobacillus sakei B2-16. When the L. sakei B2-16 was cultivated in the rice bran extracts medium containing 4% sucrose, 1% yeast extract and 12% monosodium glutamate, the maximum GABA concentration reached 660.0 mM with 100% conversion(More)
The thorns of Gleditsia sinensis are a traditional Oriental medicine used for the treatment of swelling, suppuration, carbuncle and skin diseases. In the present study, we identified a novel molecular mechanism by which an ethanol extract of Gleditsia sinensis thorns (EEGS) inhibits the growth of the SNU-5 human gastric(More)
The role of inflammatory cytokine interleukin-20 (IL-20) has not yet been studied in cancer biology. Here, we demonstrated up-regulation of both IL-20 and IL-20R1 in muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. The expressions of IL-20 and IL-20R1 were observed in bladder cancer 5637 and T-24 cells. We found that IL-20 significantly increased the expression of(More)
Inflammatory cytokines may be a critical component of epithelial cancer progression. We examined the role of interleukin (IL)-5 in the migration of bladder cancer cells. The expression of IL-5 and its receptor IL-5Rα was enhanced in patients with muscle invasive bladder cancers (MIBC), and then it was detected in bladder cancer cell lines 5637 and T-24.(More)
Marine microalga, Scenedesmus sp., which is known to be suitable for biodiesel production because of its high lipid content, was subjected to the conventional Folch method of lipid extraction combined with high-pressure homogenization pretreatment process at 1200 psi and 35°C. Algal lipid yield was about 24.9% through this process, whereas only 19.8% lipid(More)
Acetylshikonin, a natural naphthoquinone derivative compound, has been used for treatment of inflammation and cancer. In the present study, we have investigated whether acetylshikonin could regulate the NF-κB signaling pathway, thereby leading to suppression of tumorigenesis. We observed that acetylshikonin significantly reduced proliferation of several(More)
Somatic heterozygous mutations of isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 (IDH1) are abundantly found in several types of cancer and strongly implicate altered metabolism in carcinogenesis. In the present study, we have identified α-mangostin as a novel selective inhibitor of mutant IDH1 (IDH1-R132H). We have observed that α-mangostin competitively inhibits the binding(More)
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