Learn More
The effects of ouabain, ATP, and vanadate on palytoxin induction of ion channels were examined with the aim of elucidating the role of Na,K-ATPase in palytoxin action. Palytoxin-induced membrane depolarization of crayfish giant axons and single channel currents of frog erythrocytes and mouse neuroblastoma N1E-115 cells were examined using the intracellular(More)
The THP-1 human monocytic leukemia cell line is a useful model of macrophage differentiation. Patch clamp methods were used to identify five types of ion channels in undifferentiated THP-1 monocytes. (i) Delayed rectifier K+ current, IDR, was activated by depolarization to potentials positive to -50 mV, inactivated with a time constant of several hundred(More)
Ion channel expression was studied in THP-1 human monocytic leukemia cells induced to differentiate into macrophage-like cells by exposure to the phorbol ester, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). Inactivating delayed rectifier K+ currents, IDR, present in almost all undifferentiated THP-1 monocytes, were absent from PMA-differentiated macrophages. Two(More)
INTRODUCTION Although osteoporosis has been reported to be more common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), little is known whether the risk of osteoporotic fractures in these patients differs by age, sex, and anatomic site. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a health care utilization database. Incidence rates (IRs) and rate(More)
Keywords: Massive multiplayer online role-playing game Language Education Addiction Event-related potential P300 a b s t r a c t Addiction to Massive Multiple Online Role-Playing Games (MMORPGs) among juveniles has become a serious problem in Korea and has led to legislation prohibiting juveniles from playing games after midnight. One key factor in gaming(More)
INTRODUCTION Health care utilization databases have been increasingly used for studies of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the accuracy of RA diagnoses in these data has been inconsistent. METHODS Using medical records and a standardized abstraction form, we examined the positive predictive value (PPV) of several algorithms to define RA diagnosis using(More)
Immunization of two cynomolugus and three rhesus monkeys with purified type II collagen resulted in the development of polyarthritis. Arthritis first became clinically apparent 7 wk after primary immunization and persisted for 16 mo. Radiologic examination of the limbs demonstrated soft tissue swelling with severe joint destruction including loss of(More)
Bisphosphonates are the primary therapy for postmenopausal and glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Case series suggest a potential link between prolonged use of bisphosphonates and low-energy fracture of subtrochanteric or diaphyseal femur as a consequence of oversuppression of bone resorption. Using health care utilization data, we conducted a propensity(More)