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The unregulated synthesis of glomerular basement membrane (GBM) components, extracelluar matrix (ECM) proteins, or the secretion of ECM-degradation enzymes, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), by podocytes under pathological conditions might be major factors in GBM damage. The present study examined the effects and the underlying molecular mechanism of(More)
Recent evidences have demonstrated an important role for glomerular visceral epithelial cell (podocyte) in the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy. We investigated the high-glucose (HG)-triggered signaling pathway and its role in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production in murine podocytes. The activity of 92-kDa (MMP-9) gelatinase, but not(More)
Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) is a Ca2+-dependent enzyme which stabilizes the extracellular matrix (ECM) through post-translational modification, and may play an important role in the pathogenesis of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Here, we have investigated whether tTG contributes to the glomerular ECM expansion in the puromycin(More)
The kidney is a primary target for numerous toxic compounds. Cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450) are responsible for the metabolic activation of various chemical compounds, and in the kidney are predominantly expressed in proximal tubules. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that renal proximal tubular P450s are critical for nephrotoxicity caused by(More)
Microsomal cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes, which are important in the metabolism of carcinogens, are expressed in both epithelial and stromal cells in the mammary gland. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of mammary epithelial P450 enzymes in the bioactivation and disposition of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA), a breast carcinogen, in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS A liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry based metabonomics approach was applied to investigate the protective effects of rosiglitazone (RGTZ) and caloric restriction (CR) for renal senescence in a rat model. METHODS Kidney tissues and serum samples were collected from four groups of rats, including 12- month and 24-month(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the role of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) and CPR-dependent enzymes in neural stem cell (NSC) genesis in the brain. A mouse model with globally suppressed Cpr gene expression (Cpr-low mouse) was studied for this purpose. Cpr-low and wild-type (WT) mice were compared immunohistochemically for the expression of(More)
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