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Rat antizyme gene expression requires programmed, ribosomal frameshifting. A novel autoregulatory mechanism enables modulation of frameshifting according to the cellular concentration of polyamines. Antizyme binds to, and destabilizes, ornithine decarboxylase, a key enzyme in polyamine synthesis. Rapid degradation ensues, thus completing a regulatory(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis, is the most rapidly turned over mammalian enzyme. We have shown that its degradation is accelerated by ODC antizyme, an inhibitory protein induced by polyamines. This is a new type of enzyme regulation and may be a model for selective protein degradation. Here we report the(More)
Antizyme inhibitor 1 (Azin1), a positive regulator of cellular polyamines, is induced by various proliferative stimuli and repressed by polyamines. It has been reported that the translational repression of Azin1 by polyamines involves an upstream open reading frame on the mRNA, but little has been known about polyamine effect on its transcription or(More)
The role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in IL-1-induced growth inhibition was investigated using IL-1-sensitive human melanoma A375-C2-1 cells and IL-1-resistant A375-R8 cells. In both cells, p38 MAPK was activated by IL-1. A selective inhibitor for p38 MAPK, SB203580, almost completely recovered the IL-1-induced growth inhibition in(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most common cause of gynecological malignancy-related mortality. Ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC) has unique clinical characteristics and behaviors that differ from other histological types of EOC, including a frequent association with endometriosis and a highly chemoresistant nature, resulting in poor prognosis.(More)
The small GTPase Rho and its downstream effector, Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase (Rho-kinase), regulate a number of cellular processes, including organization of the actin cytoskeleton, cell adhesion, and migration. While pharmacological inhibitors of Rho-kinase signaling are known to block renal inflammation, the molecular basis for(More)
BACKGROUND Computer programs for the generation of multiple sequence alignments such as "Clustal W" allow detection of regions that are most conserved among many sequence variants. However, even for regions that are equally conserved, their potential utility as hybridization targets varies. Mismatches in sequence variants are more disruptive in some(More)
Translation termination in eukaryotes is mediated by the release factors eRF1 and eRF3, but mechanisms of the interplay between these factors are not fully understood, due partly to the difficulty of measuring termination on eukaryotic mRNAs. Here, we describe an in vitro system for the assay of termination using competition with programmed frameshifting at(More)
To study the regulatory mechanisms of intracellular Mg(2+) concentration ([Mg(2+)](i)) in renal tubular cells as well as in other cell types, we established a mutant strain of mouse renal cortical tubular cells that can grow in culture media with very high extracellular Mg(2+) concentrations ([Mg(2+)](o) > 100 mM: 101Mg-tolerant cells). [Mg(2+)](i) was(More)
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