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The neuropeptide control of gonadotropin secretion at the level of the anterior pituitary gland is primarily through the stimulatory action of the hypothalamic decapeptide, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), which was originally isolated from mammals and subsequently from non-mammals. To date, however, an inhibitory peptide of gonadotropin release is(More)
Twenty hemiplegic patients were studied with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) of the biceps brachii (BB) and the abductor pollicis brevis muscles (APB) were recorded on both sides simultaneously. TMS was carried out with an 8-shaped coil over different scalp positions in the intact hemisphere. Bilateral MEPs of BB were(More)
To determine the role of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) in infarct development, wild-type and cPLA2 knock-out mice were subjected to focal cerebral ischemia for 75 min by occluding the middle cerebral artery using nylon filament and subsequent reperfusion by withdrawing the filament. The neurological deficit severity was evaluated by a modified 4-point(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been used to describe cortical plasticity after unilateral cerebral lesions. The objective of this study was to find out whether cortical plasticity occurs after bilateral cerebral lesions. We investigated central motor reorganization for the arm and leg muscles in cerebral palsy (CP) patients with bilateral(More)
The membrane properties of cultured cells of rabbit articular chondrocytes were studied using the whole-cell patch clamp technique. The average cell capacitance was 37.9 +/- 9.0 pF (n = 13), and the cell resting potential was -41.0 +/- 7.0 mV (n = 11). We were unable to induce an action potential by applying a depolarizing current. Upon step depolarization,(More)
Membrane conductance of cultured rabbit articular chondrocytes was characterized by means of the patch-clamp technique. The resting membrane potential of the articular chondrocytes was about -42 mV. The membrane potential shifted in accordance with the prediction by the Nernst equation for Cl- when intracellular and extracellular concentrations of Cl- were(More)
The potential of the (11)C-labeled selective sigma(1) receptor ligand 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine ([(11)C]SA4503) was evaluated in vivo as a positron emission tomography (PET) ligand for mapping sigma(1) receptors in rats. SA4503 is known to have a high affinity (IC(50) = 17.4 nM) and a higher selectivity (sigma(1)/sigma(2) =(More)
The continuous intra-cortical infusion of a glia toxin, fluorocitrate, at the concentration of 1 mM caused a decrease in the cortical extracellular contents of an intrinsic coagonist for the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) type glutamate receptor, D-serine, by peaking at 40 min by -25% but produced an increase in those of glycine and L-serine. The attenuated(More)
The axonal transport of four peptidases with different subcellular localizations were examined in rat sciatic nerves by the double ligation technique. At 2 days after ligation, rapid retrograde axonal transport of the activity of dipeptidyl aminopeptidase II (a lysosomal enzyme), angiotensin-converting enzyme and leucyl aminopeptidase (membrane-bound(More)
By HPLC analysis, neuronal and glial cells cultured from rat fetal brain and their membrane preparations were shown to degrade substance P (SP) added exogenously. The degradation by neuronal cells and their membranes resulted in marked accumulation of SP fragments (1-4) and (1-6), and the accumulation, as well as the initial cleavage of SP, was strongly(More)