Seng-Lai Tan

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Members of the protein kinase C (PKC) family are expressed in many different cell types, where they are known to regulate a wide variety of cellular processes that impact on cell growth and differentiation, cytoskeletal remodelling and gene expression in the response to diverse stimuli. The broad tissue distribution and redundancy of in vitro function have(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) sets up a persistent infection in patients that likely involves a complex virus-host interaction. We previously found that the HCV nonstructural 5A (NS5A) protein interacts with growth factor receptor-binding protein 2 (Grb2) adaptor protein and inhibits the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) by(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural 5A (NS5A) phosphoprotein has been intensely studied due to its ability to subvert the host interferon-induced antiviral response. However, more recent studies suggest that it may also play an important regulatory role in HCV RNA replication as well as modulate host intracellular signaling pathways. Phosphorylation(More)
OBJECTIVE Rheumatoid arthritis therapies that are based on inhibition of a single cytokine, e.g., tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) or interleukin-6 (IL-6), produce clinically meaningful responses in only about half of the treated patients. This study was undertaken to investigate whether combined inhibition of TNFα and IL-17 has additive or synergistic(More)
Type 2 diabetes is a polygenic disorder characterized by multiple biochemical defects including transcriptional, translational, and posttranslational abnormalities. Although major progress has been made in elucidation of factors at the transcriptional and posttranslational levels, defects at the translational level remain elusive. Mutation of a kinase that(More)
The innate immune-signaling kinase, TBK1, couples pathogen surveillance to induction of host defense mechanisms. Pathological activation of TBK1 in cancer can overcome programmed cell death cues, enabling cells to survive oncogenic stress. The mechanistic basis of TBK1 prosurvival signaling, however, has been enigmatic. Here, we show that TBK1 directly(More)
The use of type I interferon (IFN), in combination with ribvirin, to treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has many drawbacks that prevent widespread application, ultimately leading to a significant unmet clinical need. Potential improvements in IFN therapy through targeted delivery, molecular alteration, and combination with other agents are(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) exerts potent antiviral activity in the hepatitis C virus (HCV) replicon systems. However, the mechanisms underlying the direct antiviral effect have not been determined. We found that the type II transcriptional response to IFN-gamma could be suppressed by inhibition of MEK1/2 kinase activity by MEK1/2 inhibitor U0126 in the(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic debilitating autoimmune disease that results in joint destruction and subsequent loss of function. To better understand its pathogenesis and to facilitate the search for novel RA therapeutics, we profiled the rat model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) to discover and characterize blood biomarkers for RA. Peripheral(More)