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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) sets up a persistent infection in patients that likely involves a complex virus-host interaction. We previously found that the HCV nonstructural 5A (NS5A) protein interacts with growth factor receptor-binding protein 2 (Grb2) adaptor protein and inhibits the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) by(More)
P58(IPK) was discovered as an inhibitor of the interferon-induced, protein kinase, PKR. Upon virus infection, PKR can, as part of the host defense system, inhibit mRNA translation by phosphorylating the alpha subunit of protein synthesis eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2alpha). We previously found that influenza virus recruits the cellular P58(IPK)(More)
Members of the protein kinase C (PKC) family are expressed in many different cell types, where they are known to regulate a wide variety of cellular processes that impact on cell growth and differentiation, cytoskeletal remodelling and gene expression in the response to diverse stimuli. The broad tissue distribution and redundancy of in vitro function have(More)
The protein kinase C theta (PKC theta) serine/threonine kinase has been implicated in signaling of T cell activation, proliferation, and cytokine production. However, the in vivo consequences of ablation of PKC theta on T cell function in inflammatory autoimmune disease have not been thoroughly examined. In this study we used PKC theta-deficient mice to(More)
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) non-structural 5A (NS5A) protein is essential for viral RNA replication and may play a role in subverting host intracellular signaling pathways. Although no intrinsic enzymatic activity has been ascribed to NS5A, this proline-rich hydrophilic phosphoprotein is likely to exert its functions by interacting with viral and cellular(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) exerts potent antiviral activity in the hepatitis C virus (HCV) replicon systems. However, the mechanisms underlying the direct antiviral effect have not been determined. We found that the type II transcriptional response to IFN-gamma could be suppressed by inhibition of MEK1/2 kinase activity by MEK1/2 inhibitor U0126 in the(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic debilitating autoimmune disease that results in joint destruction and subsequent loss of function. To better understand its pathogenesis and to facilitate the search for novel RA therapeutics, we profiled the rat model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) to discover and characterize blood biomarkers for RA. Peripheral(More)
Platelet microparticles (pMPs) are small membrane-coated vesicles that are released from the plasma membrane upon platelet activation. In the joint fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, pMP can interact with and activate fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS), which are important effector cells that mediate both immune activation and joint destruction.(More)
The innate immune-signaling kinase, TBK1, couples pathogen surveillance to induction of host defense mechanisms. Pathological activation of TBK1 in cancer can overcome programmed cell death cues, enabling cells to survive oncogenic stress. The mechanistic basis of TBK1 prosurvival signaling, however, has been enigmatic. Here, we show that TBK1 directly(More)