Seng H. Cheng

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Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) hold promise for gene-specific knockdown in diseases that involve RNA or protein gain-of-function effects. In the hereditary degenerative disease myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), transcripts from the mutant allele contain an expanded CUG repeat and are retained in the nucleus. The mutant RNA exerts a toxic gain-of-function(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disease caused by a deficiency of survival motor neuron (SMN) due to mutations in the SMN1 gene. In this study, an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector expressing human SMN (AAV8-hSMN) was injected at birth into the CNS of mice modeling SMA. Western blot analysis showed that these injections resulted in(More)
The primary cause of Huntington's disease (HD) is expression of huntingtin with a polyglutamine expansion. Despite an absence of consensus on the mechanism(s) of toxicity, diminishing the synthesis of mutant huntingtin will abate toxicity if delivered to the key affected cells. With antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) that catalyze RNase H-mediated(More)
Emerging genetic and clinical evidence suggests a link between Gaucher disease and the synucleinopathies Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Here, we provide evidence that a mouse model of Gaucher disease (Gba1(D409V/D409V)) exhibits characteristics of synucleinopathies, including progressive accumulation of proteinase K-resistant(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) mediates transcriptional activation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and other hypoxia-responsive genes. Transgenic expression of a constitutively stable HIF-1alpha mutant increases the number of vascular vessels without vascular leakage, tissue edema, or inflammation. This study aimed to investigate the(More)
Metabolic dysfunction is an important modulator of disease course in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We report here that a familial mouse model (transgenic mice over-expressing the G93A mutation of the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase 1 gene) of ALS enters a progressive state of acidosis that is associated with several metabolic (hormonal) alternations that(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease of the motor system. Recent work in rodent models of ALS has shown that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) slows disease progression when delivered at disease onset. However, IGF-1's mechanism of action along the neuromuscular axis remains unclear. In this study, symptomatic ALS mice(More)
OBJECTIVE Heterozygous mutations in the GBA1 gene elevate the risk of Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies; both disorders are characterized by misprocessing of α-synuclein (SNCA). A loss in lysosomal acid-β-glucosidase enzyme (GCase) activity due to biallelic GBA1 mutations underlies Gaucher disease. We explored mechanisms for the gene's(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor neuron cell death in the cortex, brainstem, and spinal cord. Extensive efforts have been made to develop trophic factor-based therapies to enhance motor neuron survival; however, achievement of adequate therapeutic delivery to all regions of the corticospinal(More)
The development of animal models of Huntington disease (HD) has enabled studies that help define the molecular aberrations underlying the disease. The BACHD and YAC128 transgenic mouse models of HD harbor a full-length mutant huntingtin (mHTT) and recapitulate many of the behavioural and neuropathological features of the human condition. Here, we(More)