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In a double blind, randomised study, 19 patients suffering from mild-to-moderate symptomatic diabetic neuropathy (Total Symptom Score, NTSS 4-16) received either treatment with the new transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) device "Salutaris" (verum group) or a placebo treatment with an identical but electrically inactive device (placebo group).(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Skin microvascular assessment has progressed to an important evaluation in patients with diabetes mellitus. This study was done to evaluate a new device using micro-lightguide spectrophotometry in the assessment of skin microvascular function. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty nondiabetic subjects (age 46.6 +/- 14.8 years; mean +/- SD) and(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy and reliability of the blood glucose self-monitoring system Prestige IQ (Home Diagnostics, Inc., Ft. Lauderdale, USA) in comparison to an established blood glucose reference method and four commercially available blood glucose self-monitoring devices. Over a 3-month period, 61 patients with Type 1 (T1DM)(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is released in inflammatory lung conditions, raising airway nitric oxide (NO) concentrations through the cytokine-mediated induction of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) creates an inflammatory state, characterized by the release of TNF-alpha, that may result in lung injury following CPB. This(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial augmentation (AP) and the augmentation index (Aix) are surrogate parameters of arterial stiffness and are commonly used as predictors for cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study is to compare these parameters in diabetic subjects and nondiabetic cardiovascular risk subjects with healthy control subjects. METHODS One hundred(More)
AIM Postprandial release of intact proinsulin (IP) is an independent marker for beta-cell dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes. This open-label, parallel-group, two-arm, pilot study compared the beta-cell protective effect of adding insulin glargine (GLA) vs. NPH insulin to ongoing metformin. MATERIAL AND METHODS Overall, 28 insulin-naive type 2(More)
BACKGROUND CGMS (Medtronic Minimed, Duesseldorf, Germany) allows continuous glucose monitoring. Recent studies with invasive monitoring techniques revealed discrepancies in blood glucose measurements obtained from different anatomical sites compared with those from the fingertip. The aim of this study was to investigate the CGMS and a device for alternative(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate postprandial microvascular blood flow following a standardized test meal in nondiabetic subjects and in patients with Type 1 diabetes after regular insulin or insulin lispro. In this open-label, randomised cross-over study, 20 nondiabetic participants and 20 patients with Type 1 diabetes were enrolled. To(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate early morphological and functional pathology in the retinal micro-circulation in patients with insulin resistance and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS Fifty-four subjects, without features of retinopathy under ophthalmological investigation, were recruited for study participation and were(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of our investigation was to compare the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics properties of and patient preference for insulin aspart applied with the FlexPen (Novo Nordisk, Bagsvaerd, Denmark) (IAFP) with pulmonary human insulin applied with the Exubera (Pfizer, New York, NY) device (HIEX). METHODS Twelve patients with diabetes (six with(More)