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In this study, a swim-bed reactor was used for partial nitrification treatment of magnesium ammonium phosphate precipitation process treated effluent of methane fermentation digester liquor. Even without temperature, DO, and pH control, the maximum nitrite production rate of 2.66 kg NO(2)-N/m(3)/d was achieved under a nitrogen loading rate of 5.45 kg(More)
In this study, three upflow column reactors were compared for anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) process start-up time with different ferrous iron concentration in feeding. Continuous experiments indicated that the start-up time of Anammox process could be shortened from 70 to 58d in R2 (0.06mM Fe(2+)) and 50d in R3 (0.09mM Fe(2+)). The Anammox activity(More)
In this study, combination of a partial nitritation reactor, using immobilized polyethylene glycol (PEG) gel carriers, and a continuous stirred granular anammox reactor was investigated for nitrogen removal from livestock manure digester liquor. Successful nitrite accumulation in the partial nitritation reactor was observed as the nitrite production rate(More)
The anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process was successfully started up from conventional activated sludge using a hybrid bioreactor within 2 months. The average removal efficiencies of ammonia and nitrite were both over 80%, and the maximum total nitrogen removal rate of 1.85 kg N/(m3 x day) was obtained on day 362 with the initial sludge(More)
The receptor tyrosine kinase Ror2 acts as a receptor or coreceptor for Wnt5a to mediate Wnt5a-induced activation of the Wnt/JNK pathway and inhibition of the beta-catenin-dependent canonical Wnt pathway. However, little is known about how Ror2 cooperates with another receptor component(s) to mediate Wnt5a signaling. We show here that Ror2 regulates(More)
Anammox process has attracted considerable attention in the recent years as an alternative to conventional nitrogen removal technologies. In this study, a column type reactor using a novel net type acrylic fiber (Biofix) support material was used for anammox treatment. The Biofix reactor was operated at a temperature of 25 degrees C (peak summer(More)
In this study, effect of low intensity ultrasound on the activity of anammox microbial consortium for nitrogen removal was investigated through batch experiments at the same irradiation frequency of 25 kHz. Total nitrogen removal rate increased by about 25.5% when ultrasound intensity of 0.3 w cm(-2) was applied at an optimal irradiation time of 4 min, and(More)
In this study, we explored the effects of Fe(II) on the activity of anammox biomass both in short and long terms. With the influent Fe(II) at 0.09 and 0.12 mM, continuous experiments demonstrated that the nitrogen removal rates increased 32.2% and 29.9% compared to that with normal Fe(II) level (0.03 mM). Influent Fe(II) variation could affect the total Fe,(More)
This study demonstrated that partial nitritation using nitrifying activated sludge entrapped in a polyethylene glycol (PEG) gel carrier, as a pretreatment to anammox process, could be successfully applied to digester liquor of biogas plant at a nitrogen loading rate of 3.0 kg-N/m(3)/d. The nitritation process produced an effluent with a NO(2)-N/NH(4)-N(More)
Electric field was applied to enhance the activity of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) bacteria for nitrogen removal in this study. The effect of different distributive modes with the total electric field time of 6 h/24 h (R2) and 18 h/24 h (R3) at 2 V/cm was determined through long-term tests. With the continuous application time increasing from 3 to(More)