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Caspase activation and recruitment domain 3 (CARD3) is a 61-kDa protein kinase with an N-terminal serine/threonine kinase domain and a C-terminal CARD. Previous research on the function of CARD3 has focused on its role in the immune response and inflammatory diseases. Obesity is now a worldwide health problem and is generally recognized as an inflammatory(More)
Among the identified thousands of circular RNAs (circRNA) in humans and animals, Cdr1as (also known as CiRS-7) was recently demonstrated to act as a powerful miR-7 sponge/inhibitor in developing midbrain of zebrafish, suggesting a novel mechanism for regulating microRNA functions. MiR-7 is abundantly expressed in islet cells, but overexpressing miR-7 in(More)
Melanoma is among the most malignant cancers with notorious aggressiveness, and its prognosis is greatly influenced by progression status. Serum microRNAs are small noncoding RNAs with high stability and easy accessibility in human blood. Their expression profiles are frequently dysregulated in cancers; hence, levels of serum microRNAs may reflect(More)
UNLABELLED Obesity and related metabolic diseases associated with chronic low-grade inflammation greatly compromise human health. Previous observations on the roles of interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) in the regulation of metabolism prompted investigation of the involvement of a key family member, IRF3, in metabolic disorders. IRF3 expression in the(More)
Interferon regulatory factor 8 (IRF8), a transcriptional regulator in the IRF family, has been implicated in innate immunity, immune cell differentiation and tumour cell apoptosis. In the present study, we found that IRF8 is constitutively expressed in the brain and suppressed after cerebral ischaemia in a time-dependent manner. IRF8 knockout (IRF8-KO)(More)
Obesity-related inflammation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. In this study, we addressed the potential role of interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7), a master regulator of type I interferon-dependent immune responses, in the regulation of energy metabolism. The expression levels of IRF7 were increased in(More)
Vitiligo is an acquired depigmentation disorder, and reactive oxygen species play an important role in melanocyte damage. Base excision repair is the major pathway responsible for removing reactive oxygen species-induced DNA damage, in which APE1, ADPRT, and XRCC1 play key roles. To investigate the association between genetic variations of these genes and(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 play important roles in tumor angiogenesis, development, and progression. This study investigates the expression of VEGF combined with MMP-9, their correlation with clinical characteristics, and their effect on the prognosis for patients with pN0 gastric cancer after(More)
UNLABELLED Obesity is a calorie-excessive state associated with high risk of diabetes, atherosclerosis, and certain types of tumors. Obesity may induce inflammation and insulin resistance (IR). We found that the expression of interferon (IFN) regulatory factor 9 (IRF9), a major transcription factor mediating IFN responses, was lower in livers of obese mice(More)
Spondylolysis is a fracture in part of the vertebra with a reported prevalence of about 3-6% in the general population. Genetic etiology of this disorder remains unknown. The present study was aimed at identifying genomic mutations in patients with dysplastic spondylolysis as well as the potential pathogenesis of the abnormalities. Whole-exome sequencing(More)