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Anaphylactic shock is a sudden, life-threatening allergic reaction associated with severe hypotension. The increased venous resistance accounts for the anaphylactic hypotension in anesthetized dogs. However, the change in peripheral vascular resistances during anaphylactic hypotension in other animals such as rats is not known. We measured the mean(More)
CONTEXT The excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) codon 118 C/T polymorphism has been associated with clinical outcome in cancer patients treated with platinum chemotherapy. Ethnic differences in the frequency of this polymorphism have been observed in Caucasian and African populations. AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the(More)
AIM To investigate the associations between interleukin (IL)-1B and IL-1RN polymorphisms and gastric cancers among the Tibet, Hui and Han ethnicities. METHODS Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood of 210, 205, and 202 healthy volunteers and from 155, 158, and 197 gastric cancer patients from the Tibet, Hui, and Han populations, respectively.(More)
AIM Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) is characterized by excessive erythrocytosis, and angiogenesis may be involved in the pathogenesis of this disease. The bone marrow niche is the primary site of erythropoiesis and angiogenesis. This study was aimed at investigating the associations of the levels of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), erythropoietin (EPO),(More)
We determined the roles of liver and splanchnic vascular bed in anaphylactic hypotension in anesthetized rats and the effects of anaphylaxis on hepatic vascular resistances and liver weight in isolated perfused rat livers. In anesthetized rats sensitized with ovalbumin (1 mg), an intravenous injection of 0.6 mg ovalbumin caused not only a decrease in(More)
We previously reported that the portal venous pressure (PPV) response of perfused mouse livers to various vasoactive agents was much weaker than that of other mammals such as rat, rabbit, and guinea pigs. The purpose of this study was to determine the responsiveness of PPV in in vivo BALB/c mouse to intraportal injections of the 3 major vasoconstrictors of(More)
Using in vivo and isolated perfused liver preparations of BALB/c mice, we determined the roles of the liver and splanchnic vascular bed in anaphylactic hypotension. Intravenous injection of ovalbumin antigen into intact-sensitized mice decreased systemic arterial pressure (P(sa)) from 92 +/- 2 to 39 +/- 3 (SE) mmHg but only slightly increased portal venous(More)
Mice have frequently been used for a variety of physiological studies because of the development of genetic engineering. However, the characteristics of hepatic vessels such as the vascular resistance distribution and the reactivity to various vasoconstrictors are not known in mice. We therefore determined the basal levels of segmental vascular resistances(More)
The hepatic anaphylactic venoconstriction is partly involved in anaphylactic hypotension, and is characterized by significant post-sinusoidal constriction and liver congestion in guinea pigs. We determined what chemical mediators are involved in anaphylaxis-induced segmental venoconstriction and liver congestion in perfused livers isolated from ovalbumin(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is accompanied by liver weight gain and ascites formation possibly caused by an increase in the sinusoidal pressure, a determinant of hepatic transvascular fluid movement. However, changes in the sinusoidal pressure during hepatic I/R in mice are not known. It is also controversial whether nitric oxide (NO)(More)