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AIM To investigate the associations between interleukin (IL)-1B and IL-1RN polymorphisms and gastric cancers among the Tibet, Hui and Han ethnicities. METHODS Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood of 210, 205, and 202 healthy volunteers and from 155, 158, and 197 gastric cancer patients from the Tibet, Hui, and Han populations, respectively.(More)
Anaphylactic shock is a sudden, life-threatening allergic reaction associated with severe hypotension. The increased venous resistance accounts for the anaphylactic hypotension in anesthetized dogs. However, the change in peripheral vascular resistances during anaphylactic hypotension in other animals such as rats is not known. We measured the mean(More)
CONTEXT The excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) codon 118 C/T polymorphism has been associated with clinical outcome in cancer patients treated with platinum chemotherapy. Ethnic differences in the frequency of this polymorphism have been observed in Caucasian and African populations. AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the(More)
We determined the roles of liver and splanchnic vascular bed in anaphylactic hypotension in anesthetized rats and the effects of anaphylaxis on hepatic vascular resistances and liver weight in isolated perfused rat livers. In anesthetized rats sensitized with ovalbumin (1 mg), an intravenous injection of 0.6 mg ovalbumin caused not only a decrease in(More)
The roles of NO and isozymes of NO synthase (NOS) are not known in anaphylactic hypotension of unanesthetized rats. Effects of inhibition of NOS, iNOS, and nNOS by N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), aminoguanidine, and 7-nitroindazole, respectively, were determined on the antigen-induced systemic hypotension and portal hypertension in conscious(More)
We determined the roles of platelet-activating factor (PAF) and histamine in anaphylactic hypotension in ovalbumin-sensitized anesthetized BALB/c mice. The effects of PAF and histamine on hemodynamic variables were studied by measuring the systemic arterial (Psa), portal venous (Ppv) and central venous (Pcv) pressures. Intravenous PAF evoked a biphasic Psa(More)
Using in vivo and isolated perfused liver preparations of BALB/c mice, we determined the roles of the liver and splanchnic vascular bed in anaphylactic hypotension. Intravenous injection of ovalbumin antigen into intact-sensitized mice decreased systemic arterial pressure (P(sa)) from 92 +/- 2 to 39 +/- 3 (SE) mmHg but only slightly increased portal venous(More)
Mast cells and other cells such as macrophages have been shown to mediate systemic anaphylaxis. We determined the roles of mast cells and Kupffer cells in hepatic and systemic anaphylaxis of rats. Roles of mast cells were examined by using the mast cell-deficient white spotting (Ws/Ws) rat; the Ws/Ws and wild type (+/+) rats were sensitized with ovalbumin(More)
Hepatic anaphylactic venoconstriction is partly involved in anaphylactic hypotension. We determined the chemical mediators responsible for anaphylaxis-induced segmental venoconstriction in perfused livers isolated from ovalbumin-sensitized rats. Livers were perfused portally and recirculatingly at constant flow with diluted blood. The portal venous pressure(More)
AIM Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) is characterized by excessive erythrocytosis, and angiogenesis may be involved in the pathogenesis of this disease. The bone marrow niche is the primary site of erythropoiesis and angiogenesis. This study was aimed at investigating the associations of the levels of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), erythropoietin (EPO),(More)