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BACKGROUND Artemisinin-based combination therapies are the recommended first-line treatments of falciparum malaria in all countries with endemic disease. There are recent concerns that the efficacy of such therapies has declined on the Thai-Cambodian border, historically a site of emerging antimalarial-drug resistance. METHODS In two open-label,(More)
Angiostatin is a potent angiogenesis inhibitor which has been identified as an internal fragment of plasminogen that includes its first four kringle modules. We have recently demonstrated that the anti-endothelial cell proliferative activity of angiostatin is also displayed by the first three kringle structures of plasminogen and marginally so by kringle 4(More)
The interaction of various small aliphatic and aromatic ionic ligands with the human plasminogen (HPg) recombinant kringle 2 (r-K2) domain has been investigated by 1H-NMR spectroscopy at 500 MHz. The results are compared against ligand-binding properties of the homologous, lysine-binding HPg kringle 1 (K1), kringle 4 (K4), and kringle 5 (K5). The(More)
Interactions between the kringle 4 (K4) domain of human plasminogen (Pgn) and segments of the N-terminal Glu1-Lys77 peptide (NTP) have been investigated via 1H-NMR at 500 MHz. NTP peptide stretches devoid of Lys residues but carrying an internal Arg residue show negligible affinity toward K4 (equilibrium association constant Ka < 0.05 mM(-1)). In contrast,(More)
Upon addition of thrombin, fibrinopeptides A and B are cleaved off from the N-termini of four chains of fibrinogen (Aalpha Bbeta gamma)2, and sites of polymerization are exposed, resulting in formation of a fibrin clot. For the fibrinogen Aalpha chain, cleavage occurs most prevalently at the Arg16-Gly17 peptide bond. About 25-30% of the human fibrinogen(More)
The Glu1-Val79 N-terminal peptide (NTP) domain of human plasminogen (Pgn) is followed by a tandem array of five kringle (K) structures of approximately 9 kDa each. K1, K2, K4, and K5 contain each a lysine-binding site (LBS). Pgn was cleaved with CNBr and the Glul-HSer57 N-terminal fragment (CB-NTP) isolated. In addition, the Ile27-Ile56 peptide (L-NTP) that(More)
Ligand binding to a recombinant human tissue-type plasminogen (tPA) kringle 2 domain has been characterized via 1H-NMR spectroscopy at 500 MHz. Seven omega-amino acid ligands were investigated: L-Lys, 6-aminohexanoic acid (6AHA), 7-aminoheptanoic acid (7AHA), trans-(aminomethyl)-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (AMCHA), p-(aminomethyl)benzoic acid (PAMBA),(More)
The fibronectin C-terminal interchain disulfide-linked heptapeptide dimer (Val-Asn-Cys-Pro-Ile-Glu-Cys)2 has been investigated via 1H NMR spectroscopy in both water and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solutions. Proton Overhauser experiments in DMSO indicate unambiguously that the two fibronectin polypeptide chains are linked head-to-tail (N-terminus to(More)
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