Semyon Ioffe

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Anthropometric data and computerized electroencaphalogram analysis during quiet, indeterminate, and active sleep were obtained from infants of mothers of four groups: (1) heavy drinking mothers (greater than 2 ounces of alcohol per day); (2) nondrinking mothers; (3) smoking, nondrinking mothers; (4) nonsmoking, nondrinking mothers. Infants in groups 1 and 2(More)
A total of 441 newborn infants with gestational ages between 30 and 40 weeks had EEG studies between 36 and 48 hours after birth. Their mothers had either abstained from alcohol during pregnancy or had ingested alcohol in one of four categories: occasional, moderate, binge or frankly alcoholic. The power of the EEG, using linear regression analysis, was(More)
1. The respiratory response to electrical stimulation of the nose, tail, gum and fibular nerve (nonspecific somatic stimulation) was tested in chronically instrumented fetal lambs during sleep and wakefulness. 2. The respiratory response to somatic stimulation was greatest during REM sleep, lowest during NREM sleep, and intermediate during the awake state(More)
A localized, conditioned startle reaction (LCSR) to a click (as conditional stimulus) could be established and recorded electromyographically in rabbits if complex unconditional stimulus was employed. The complex consisted of localized, electrical stimulation applied concurrently to sensorimotor cortex and hypothalamus. The latency of this LCSR was only(More)
In a prospective, blinded study 38 infants of mothers with varying quantities of alcohol ingestion during pregnancy had an EEG at 40 weeks post conceptional age. Bayley Development Tests were administered between 1.5 and 10 months of age. The total power of the EEG during REM sleep was inversely related to subsequent motor development (r = -0.51, F = 13.1,(More)
A technique for chronic extracellular recording of neuronal activity in the medullary region of fetal sheep during different sleep states is described. Of 51 recorded neurones, 54% were associated with respiration, blood pressure changes, or muscle electromyograms, and 46% were nonspecific. During apnea (nonrapid-eye-movement sleep) both inspiratory and(More)
The role of peripheral chemoreceptors in the circulatory adaptation to hypoxia and the effects of rapid-eye-movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep and breathing activity on organ blood flow were assessed in fetal sheep. Blood flow was measured with isotope-labeled microspheres on intact, vagotomized (VX), and sinoaortic-denervated (SAD) fetuses.(More)
1. Electrocorticogram (ECoG), electromyogram (EMG) of the lateral rectus and antigravity muscles (neck and masseter) and breathing activity (FB) were monitored in chronically prepared fetal sheep of 125–140 days gestation and in newborn lambs up to 11 days postnatal age. 2. Awake state (AW), non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) and rapid eye movement sleep(More)
The effect of sleep state on the respiratory response to hypercapnia was studied in 14 chronic fetal sheep, 125-140 days gestation. Fetal PaCO2 was raised by 11 to 34 Torr by gradually increasing the maternal FICO2 to 0.09. Fetal sleep state was monitored. Fetal breathing (FB) was analysed in terms of frequency (f), tracheal pressure (TP) and ventilation(More)