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Colonic K+ secretion stimulated by cholinergic agents requires activation of muscarinic receptors and the release of intracellular Ca2+. However, the precise mechanisms by which this rise in Ca2+ leads to K+ efflux across the apical membrane are poorly understood. In the present study, Northern blot analysis of rat proximal colon revealed the presence of(More)
The function of intestinal keratins is unknown, although keratin 8 (K8)-null mice develop colitis, hyperplasia, diarrhea, and mistarget jejunal apical markers. We quantified the diarrhea in K8-null stool and examined its physiologic basis. Isolated crypt-units from K8-null and wild-type mice have similar viability. K8-null distal colon has normal tight(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) generated from neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS-1) in intrinsic cardiac ganglia has been implicated in parasympathetic-induced bradycardia. We provide direct evidence that NOS-1 acts in a site-specific manner to promote cardiac vagal neurotransmission and bradycardia. NOS-1 gene transfer to the guinea pig right atrium increased protein(More)
Mouse proximal tubular cells (BUMPT), when cultured in the absence of growth factors, activate a default apoptotic pathway. Although Wnt signaling antagonizes the effect of proapoptotic triggers, its role in regulating the default pathway of apoptosis is less well defined. The present study examines the hypothesis that lithium (Li(+)) and(More)
Inhibition of electroneutral NaCl absorption bycyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) results in fluidmalabsorption in cholera. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA)stimulate electroneutral NaCl absorption from the colon. The present study investigatedeffects of elevated cAMP on SCFA-stimulated NaClabsorption in rat distal colon. The effect of SCFA onfluxes of 22Na(More)
Bicarbonate and butyrate stimulate electroneutral Na absorption via apical membrane Na-H exchange (NHE) in rat distal colon. cAMP downregulates NHE-3 isoform and inhibits HCO3-dependent, but not butyrate-dependent, Na absorption. This study sought to determine whether 1) the apical membrane NHE-2 and NHE-3 isoforms differentially mediated HCO3- and(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the effects of glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) on small intestinal glucose transport in vitro. Stripped proximal jejunum from fasted mice was mounted in Ussing chambers. The serosal side was bathed in Regular Ringer solution containing 5 mmol/l glucose, and the mucosal side, with solution(More)
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