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Passover (Pas) flies fail to jump in response to a light-off stimulus. The mutation disrupts specific synapses of the giant fibers (GFs), command neurons for this response. Pas was cloned from a P element-induced allele. The cDNA encodes a putative membrane protein of 361 amino acids. Null, hypomorphic, and dominant alleles were sequenced. In the adult(More)
Colonic K+ secretion stimulated by cholinergic agents requires activation of muscarinic receptors and the release of intracellular Ca2+. However, the precise mechanisms by which this rise in Ca2+ leads to K+ efflux across the apical membrane are poorly understood. In the present study, Northern blot analysis of rat proximal colon revealed the presence of(More)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia syndrome is characterised by chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, and, in 50% of cases, dextrocardia. It is generally believed to be inherited as an autosomal recessive disorder. In this report, we describe a family consisting of a mother and her five male children, the offspring of three different fathers, all of whom have this(More)
Mouse proximal tubular cells (BUMPT), when cultured in the absence of growth factors, activate a default apoptotic pathway. Although Wnt signaling antagonizes the effect of proapoptotic triggers, its role in regulating the default pathway of apoptosis is less well defined. The present study examines the hypothesis that lithium (Li(+)) and(More)
The only demonstrated mechanism for intracistronic genetic complementation requires physical interaction of protein subunits to create a functional molecule. We demonstrate another and perhaps quite general mechanism utilizing proteins with unique and shared domains. The Drosophila neural mutant Passover (Pas) disrupts specific synaptic connections. Alleles(More)
The function of intestinal keratins is unknown, although keratin 8 (K8)-null mice develop colitis, hyperplasia, diarrhea, and mistarget jejunal apical markers. We quantified the diarrhea in K8-null stool and examined its physiologic basis. Isolated crypt-units from K8-null and wild-type mice have similar viability. K8-null distal colon has normal tight(More)
Bicarbonate and butyrate stimulate electroneutral Na absorption via apical membrane Na-H exchange (NHE) in rat distal colon. cAMP downregulates NHE-3 isoform and inhibits HCO3-dependent, but not butyrate-dependent, Na absorption. This study sought to determine whether 1) the apical membrane NHE-2 and NHE-3 isoforms differentially mediated HCO3- and(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the effects of glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) on small intestinal glucose transport in vitro. Stripped proximal jejunum from fasted mice was mounted in Ussing chambers. The serosal side was bathed in Regular Ringer solution containing 5 mmol/l glucose, and the mucosal side, with solution(More)
KATP channels are K+ channels whose activity is inhibited by the presence of and enhanced by the absence of cytosolic ATP. This property allows KATP channels to sense cellular intermediary metabolism and directly couple this information to the modulation of membrane excitability. Indeed, recent studies from our laboratory and others have suggested that(More)
T-cell precursors were stimulated with a conventional T-cell mitogen or with the calcium ionophore A23187 in order to determine whether pre-T cells acquire the ability to produce interleukin 2 (IL-2) before they acquire the ability to respond to antigen or mitogenic lectins. Immature T cells were obtained by eliminating mouse thymocytes that expressed the(More)