Selvarangan Ponnazhagan

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Adult stem cells represent a potential source for cell-based therapy of cancer. The present study evaluated the potential of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), genetically modified to express interferon (IFN)-alpha, for the treatment of lung metastasis in an immunocompetent mouse model of metastatic melanoma. A recombinant adeno-associated(More)
This laboratory has established in previous studies that Pmel 17, a gene expressed specifically in melanocytes, maps near the silver coat color locus (si/si) on mouse chromosome 10. In the current study, we have focused on determining whether or not the si allele carries a mutation in Pmel 17. Pmel 17 cDNA clones, isolated from wild-type and si/si murine(More)
The potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in tissue regeneration is increasingly gaining attention. There is now accumulating evidence that MSC make an important contribution to postnatal vasculogenesis. During bone development and fracture healing, vascularization is observed before bone formation. The present study determined the potential of MSC,(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are multipotent adult stem cells of mesodermal origin localized within the bone marrow compartment. MSC possess multilineage property making them useful for a number of potential therapeutic applications. MSC can be isolated from the bone marrow, expanded in culture and genetically modified to serve as cell(More)
Enhanced bone destruction is a hallmark of various carcinomas such as breast cancer, where osteolytic bone metastasis is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Immune cells contribute to osteolysis in cancer growth, but the factors contributing to aggressive bone destruction are not well understood. In this study, we show the importance of(More)
Although the adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV)-based vector system has gained attention as a potentially useful alternative to the more commonly used retroviral and adenoviral vectors for human gene therapy, the single-stranded nature of the viral genome, and consequently the rate-limiting second-strand viral DNA synthesis, significantly affect its(More)
The pluripotent nature of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) widens their potential for tissue regeneration and as vehicles for cell therapy in molecular medicine. Although the MSC are relatively easier to obtain and propagate in culture, a major impediment remains in their engraftment to target tissues on autologous transfer. We report here that transient,(More)
Accumulation of amyloid-β protein (Aβ) in the brain is thought to be a causal event in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Immunotherapy targeting Aβ holds great promise for reducing Aβ in the brain. Here, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of anti-Aβ single-chain antibody (scFv59) delivery via recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) on reducing Aβ deposits in an(More)
Adenovirus (Ad)-based vectors are useful gene delivery vehicles for a variety of applications. Despite their attractive properties, many in vivo applications require modulation of the viral tropism. Targeting approaches applied to adenoviral vectors included genetic modification of the viral capsid, controlled expression of the transgene and combinatorial(More)
The adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV) genome can be successfully rescued from recombinant plasmids following transfection in adenovirus-infected human cells. However, following rescue, the AAV genome undergoes preferential replication and encapsidation, whereas little replication and packaging of the vector DNA sequences occur. In view of the crucial role(More)