Learn More
Although the adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV)-based vector system has gained attention as a potentially useful alternative to the more commonly used retroviral and adenoviral vectors for human gene therapy, the single-stranded nature of the viral genome, and consequently the rate-limiting second-strand viral DNA synthesis, significantly affect its(More)
Adult stem cells represent a potential source for cell-based therapy of cancer. The present study evaluated the potential of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), genetically modified to express interferon (IFN)-alpha, for the treatment of lung metastasis in an immunocompetent mouse model of metastatic melanoma. A recombinant adeno-associated(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are pivotal antigen-presenting cells for regulating immune responses. A major focus of contemporary vaccine research is the genetic modification of DCs to express antigens or immunomodulatory molecules, utilizing a variety of viral and nonviral vectors, to induce antigen-specific immune responses that ameliorate disease states as(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are multipotent adult stem cells of mesodermal origin localized within the bone marrow compartment. MSC possess multilineage property making them useful for a number of potential therapeutic applications. MSC can be isolated from the bone marrow, expanded in culture and genetically modified to serve as cell(More)
Merkel cell carcinoma is one of the most aggressive primary cutaneous malignancies. Because some Merkel cell carcinomas express the receptor tyrosine kinase KIT, we aimed to evaluate the correlation of KIT expression with the outcome and the presence of activating mutations in the KIT gene in Merkel cell carcinoma. A total of 49 tumors from 40 patients with(More)
Towards utilizing gene-targeted, repopulating mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to increase osteogenesis, we evaluated the expression of bone-specific promoters during MSC differentiation. Multi-lineage potential of cultured MSC was confirmed by osteogenic, adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation under controlled conditions. Recombinant adeno-associated(More)
Enhanced bone destruction is a hallmark of various carcinomas such as breast cancer, where osteolytic bone metastasis is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Immune cells contribute to osteolysis in cancer growth, but the factors contributing to aggressive bone destruction are not well understood. In this study, we show the importance of(More)
This laboratory has established in previous studies that Pmel 17, a gene expressed specifically in melanocytes, maps near the silver coat color locus (si/si) on mouse chromosome 10. In the current study, we have focused on determining whether or not the si allele carries a mutation in Pmel 17. Pmel 17 cDNA clones, isolated from wild-type and si/si murine(More)
Adenovirus (Ad)-based vectors are useful gene delivery vehicles for a variety of applications. Despite their attractive properties, many in vivo applications require modulation of the viral tropism. Targeting approaches applied to adenoviral vectors included genetic modification of the viral capsid, controlled expression of the transgene and combinatorial(More)
BACKGROUND The antimicrobial peptide, leucine-leucine-37 (LL-37), stimulates proliferation, angiogenesis, and cellular migration, inhibits apoptosis and is associated with inflammation. Since these functional processes are often exaggerated in cancer, the aim of the present study was to investigate the expression and role of LL-37 in prostate cancer (PCa)(More)