Selvajothi Abraham

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Signal transduction pathways induced by cytokines can modulate the level of HIV-1 gene transcription and replication in a variety of cells including those from the central nervous system. Here, we investigated the effect of TGFbeta-1 signaling the factors, including Smads, on transcription of the viral LTR in human astrocytic cells. Ectopic expression of(More)
The chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) is one of the most potent monocyte chemoattractants whose level is elevated during the course of AIDS dementia. Earlier studies showed that HIV-1 Tat protein is able to induce transcription of the MCP-1 promoter in astrocytic cells. Furthermore, the TGFbeta-1 signaling pathway through its regulatory proteins, Smads,(More)
The transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a cytokine involved in many biological events inlcuding immunosuppression, angiogenesis, cell growth, and apoptosis. Expression of TGF-beta1 at the transcriptional level is controlled by a series of ubiquitous and specialized factors whose activities can be modulated by a variety of signaling events. Here(More)
BACKGROUND The human neurotropic polyomavirus, JCV, contains an open reading frame within the late region of the viral genome that encodes a 71-amino-acid protein, agnoprotein. Because accumulating evidence supports an association between JCV infection and human brain tumors, including medulloblastomas, we assessed the presence of JCV Agno gene sequences(More)
Expression of several cytokines involved in signal transduction such as TGFbeta-1 and the inflammatory chemokines including MCP-1 is elevated during the course of AIDS progression. The enhancement of these cellular proteins in astrocytic cells is mediated, at least in part, by HIV-1 Tat protein. Here, we investigate the possible regulation of MCP-1(More)
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