Seloua El Ouezzani

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The control of appetite and satiety is extremely complex and involves a balance between neurotransmitters and neuropeptides to stimulate and/or inhibit feeding behaviour. The effect of cannabinoids on food intake is well established, but little is known about the mechanism of action underlying their activity. In the present report, the effect of(More)
Using in situ hybridization, the mRNA levels encoding neuropeptide Y (NPY) was investigated in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of jerboas under three different states of energy balance. (1) normally feeding animals, (2) hibernating animals and finally (3) animals food deprived for 5 days. The hibernating and food deprived jerboas exhibited a significant increase(More)
The jerboa is a semi-desert rodent, in which reproductive activity depends on the seasons, being sexually active in the spring-summer. The present study aimed to determine whether the expression of two RF-amide peptides recently described to regulate gonadotrophin-releasing hormone neurone activity, kisspeptin (Kp) and RF-amide-related peptide (RFRP)-3,(More)
The distribution of neurons expressing beta-endorphin immunoreactivity was explored in the brain of adult jerboa during two distinct periods characterizing its reproductive cycle. A large presence of cell bodies displaying beta-endorphin immunoreactivity occured within different parts of the mediobasal hypothalamus along its rostrocaudal extent, from the(More)
The jerboa (Jaculus orientalis) has been described in the past as a hibernator, but no reliable data exist on the daily and seasonal rhythmicity of body temperature (T (b)). In this study, T (b) patterns were determined in different groups of jerboas (isolated males and females, castrated males and grouped animals) maintained in captivity during autumn and(More)
Jerboa (Jaculus orientalis) is a semi-desert rodent displaying strong seasonal variations in biological functions in order to survive harsh conditions. When environmental conditions become unfavorable in early autumn, it shuts down its reproductive axis, increases its body weight, and finally hibernates. In spring, the jerboa displays opposite regulations,(More)
The distribution of cells expressing gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) immunoreactivity was examined in the brain of adult jerboa during two distinct periods of the reproductive cycle. During spring-summer, when the jerboa is sexually active, a high density of cell bodies and fibres immunoreactive (IR) for GnRH was observed at the level of separation of(More)
Jerboas are wild rodents exhibiting exceptional adaptation to their desert environment. Under harsh autumn conditions, they shut down reproduction, increase body weight and hibernate, while during spring they become sexually active even under negative energy-balance. We recently reported that these rhythms are associated with synchronized changes in genes(More)
The presence of mycotoxins in food is a major problem of public health as they produce immunosuppressive, hepatotoxic and neurotoxic effects. Mycotoxins also induce mutagenic and carcinogenic effects after long exposure. Among mycotoxins that contaminate food are aflatoxins (AF) such as AFB1, which is the most powerful natural carcinogen. The AF poisoning(More)
EM66 is a secretogranin II-derived peptide strongly expressed within hypothalamic neuroendocrine areas such as the parvocellular aspect of the paraventricular nucleus (pPVN) as well as the median eminence (ME), suggesting a hypophysiotropic role for this neuropeptide. The aim of the present study was to explore such a role in the corticotrope and thyrotrope(More)