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A multi-start downhill simplex method is examined as a global minimization technique for fitting multidipole, spatio-temporal magnetoencephalography (MEG) data. This procedure has been performed on both simulated and empirical human visual data, known to exhibit complex field patterns due to multiple sources. Unlike some other non-linear fitting techniques(More)
Retinotopic mapping strategies similar to those used for invasive electrophysiological studies to identify multiple visual areas in monkeys have been adapted for noninvasive studies in humans, using magnetic recordings of brain activity in conjunction with anatomical magnetic resonance imaging. The retinotopic organization of the primary visual area (V1) in(More)
Numerical simulation studies were performed using a multiple dipole source model and a spherical approximation of the head to examine how the resolution of simultaneously active neuromagnetic sources depends upon: 1) source modeling assumptions (i.e., number of assumed dipoles); 2) actual source parameters (e.g., location, orientation, and moment); and 3)(More)
Results are reviewed from several neuromagnetic studies which characterize the temporal dynamics of neural sources contributing to the visual evoked response and effects of attention on these sources. Different types of pattern-onset stimuli (< or = 2 degrees) were presented sequentially to a number of field locations in the right visual field. Multiple(More)
The detection of a change in a face stimulus was studied in an oddball paradigm. Event-related potentials (ERPs) and MEG responses to face stimuli were recorded in four conditions: 1) happy standard, neutral deviant; 2) neutral standard, neutral deviant; 3) inverted happy standard, inverted neutral deviant; 4) inverted neutral standard, inverted neutral(More)
Neuromagnetic techniques were used in conjunction with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques to: (1) localize and characterize cortical sources evoked by visual stimuli presented at different locations in the lower right visual field; (2) examine the superposition of cortical responses by comparing the summation of responses to the presentation of(More)
While the relationship between sensory stimulation and tasks and the size of the cortical activations is generally unknown, the visual modality offers a unique possibility of an experimental manipulation of stimulus size-related increases of the spatial extent of cortical activation even during the earliest activity in the retinotopically organized primary(More)
We present the four key areas of research-preprocessing, the volume conductor, the forward problem, and the inverse problem-that affect the performance of EEG and MEG source imaging. In each key area we identify prominent approaches and methodologies that have open issues warranting further investigation within the community, challenges associated with(More)
Numerical simulations were conducted to examine multi-source spatio-temporal resolution for neuromagnetic field distributions "measured" by a large sensor array (i.e., 135). spatio-temporal field distributions were generated by a series of two-dipole and three-dipole configurations in which source locations, orientations, and temporal dynamics of individual(More)
Exploring the structure and function of the human brain relies on a range of non-invasive measures and computational approaches. Neurodynamic functional brain imaging methods offer unique insight into the human brain processes by capturing neuronal activity in real time. Measurements of scalp potential differences of spontaneous and evoked activity were the(More)