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Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder of branched-chain amino acid metabolism. We noted that a large proportion (10 of 34) of families with MSUD that were followed in our clinic were of Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) descent, leading us to search for a common mutation within this group. On the basis of genotyping data suggestive of(More)
Argininemia is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency in the liver-type arginase enzyme. Clinical manifestations include progressive spastic diplegia and mental retardation. While the quality of life can severely deteriorate in most such patients, some do show remarkable improvement in neurological symptoms while on controlled diets. We(More)
Classic phenylketonuria (PKU) is characterized by severe mental retardation in untreated individuals and mild neurocognitive abnormalities in some early treated adults. The exact biochemical mechanisms underlying this neurotoxicity remain undetermined. Several theories implicate abnormal cerebral energy utilization and alterations in biochemical pathways(More)
It is becoming increasingly apparent that pyridoxine responsive homocystinuria patients are being missed by newborn screening programs. The possibility that screening for homocystine, rather than the methionine, might be more effective was investigated by comparing homocystine and methionine levels of non-responsive patients at diagnosis. The plasma(More)