Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is a heterogeneous group of disorders which is associated with more or less degrees of cerebral involvement. There are four separate entities within CMD nosology. Among these Fukuyama's CMD (FCMD) is highly prevalent in Japan, whereas the classic form with normal or subnormal intelligence, also known as the occidental… (More)
Two siblings, ages 20 and 19 presented with more than 10 yr history of spinal rigidity and scoliosis. The parents were first cousins. Muscle biopsies were consistent with nemaline myopathy. This has been the first association between a familial rigid spine syndrome and nemaline myopathy.
Occidental type cerebromuscular dystrophy (OCMD) forms a substantial distinct group within congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD). These patients invariably present with amyotrophy, multiple joint contractures, facial muscle involvement, normal or nearly normal intelligence, leukodystrophic appearance on CT scan, and dystrophic changes in muscle.
We report a case of congenital muscular dystrophy with secondary merosin deficiency, structural involvement of the central nervous system and mental retardation in an 8-year-old girl from a consanguineous family. She had early-onset hypotonia, generalized muscle wasting, with weakness especially of the neck muscles, joint contractures, mental retardation… (More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the facial profile changes of patients treated with and without extractions of four first premolars using novel computer-based digital subtraction software. The pre- and post-treatment radiographic image pairs of 25 extraction (13 girls and 12 boys, mean age = 12.64 +/- 1.82 years) and 24 non-extraction (12 girls and… (More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to test and compare the efficacy of software developed recently for digital subtraction radiography (DSR) in vivo. METHODS An algorithm performing both manual and automated image reconstructions and contrast correction was developed for the manipulation of radiographic images. Pre- and post-operative radiographic… (More)
A 10-year-old boy with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), with quite unusual clinical data, is presented. He was unable to walk until age 6, walked only for 9 months and then became wheel-chair bound. No dystrophin was present on muscle biopsy sections and a large deletion was found in the dystrophin gene. The deletion encompassed the central high frequency… (More)
Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is a heterogenous group of disorders. In the majority of cases the intelligence is preserved, which comprises the classic "occidental" (type 1) form. This type appears to be prevalent in the west. We report a five-case series in Turkey, confirming its geographical distribution.